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From brain drain to reverse brain drain : Three decades of Korean expeirence

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  • From brain drain to reverse brain drain
  • Song, Hahzoong
  • Sage Publications


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Title From brain drain to reverse brain drain
Similar Titles
Sub Title

Three decades of Korean expeirence

Material Type Articles
Author(English)

Song, Hahzoong

Publisher

[London]:Sage Publications

Date 1997
Journal Title; Vol./Issue Science, Technology & Society:vol. 2(no. 2)
Pages 284
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Social Development
Holding Research Gate

Abstract

This paper examines three decades of the Korean experience of brain drain, that can be termed 'from brain-drain to reverse brain-drain', and government policies to deal with this phenomenon. The results confirm the major role of economic factors in return-or-stay decisions of Korean scientists and engineers (KSEs) who earned PhDs in the US. And yet, when the difference in economic conditions between alternatives is narrowed, psychological and emotional factors are identified to be important. ln particular, this study suggests that some Confucian values work as an underlying element in KSEs' decisions. Consequent/y, this study indicates the importance of including a cultural analysis in the study of brain drain issues. The Korean government tried to repatriate as many scientists and engineers as possible in the 1960s and 1970s. Yet, the effectiveness of policy measures during that period was Iimited. As the Korean economy continued to improve, many of the foreign educated scientists and engineers intended to return to Korea by the 1980s. (The rest omitted)