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The roles of the United States and Japan in the development of South Korea's science and technology during the Cold War

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  • The roles of the United States and Japan in the development of South Korea's science and technology during the Cold War
  • Park, Tae Gyun
  • Korean National Commission for UNESCO


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Title The roles of the United States and Japan in the development of South Korea's science and technology during the Cold War
Similar Titles
Material Type Articles
Author(English)

Park, Tae Gyun

Publisher

[Seoul]:Korean National Commission for UNESCO

Date 2012
Journal Title; Vol./Issue Korea Journal:vol. 52(no. 1)
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Industry and Technology < Science/Technology
Holding Korea Journal

Abstract

Recently many scholars in the history of science have been trying to illuminate why and how South Korea was able to achieve scientific and technological development simultaneously with economic growth. Scholars have focused on a top-down model led by the South Korean government and the role of technocrats who played crucial roles in the late 1960s. This study, however, focuses on the external conditions rather than on internal factors. U.S. policies towards South Korea became a major determinant of the development of science and technology during the Cold War, which brought about a number of important events such as the reorganization of the scientists’ society, the Minnesota Plan of the 1950s, establishment of the Korea Institute for Science and Technology (KIST) in 1966, and launching of the military industry in 1971. (The rest omitted)