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A case for "reverse one-child" policies in Japan and South Korea? : Examining the link between education costs and lowest-low fertility

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  • A case for "reverse one-child" policies in Japan and South Korea?
  • Tan, Poh Lin; Morgan, S. Philip; Zagheni, Emilio
  • Springer International Publishing AG


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Title A case for "reverse one-child" policies in Japan and South Korea?
Similar Titles
Sub Title

Examining the link between education costs and lowest-low fertility

Material Type Articles
Author(English)

Tan, Poh Lin; Morgan, S. Philip; Zagheni, Emilio

Publisher

[Cham, Switzerland]:Springer International Publishing AG

Date 2016-06
Journal Title; Vol./Issue Population Research and Policy Review:vol. 35(issue 3)
Pages 24
Subject Country Japan(Asia and Pacific)
South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Social Development < Population
Social Development < Education
Holding Springer International Publishing AG

Abstract

Household spending on children’s pre-tertiary education is exceptionally high in Japan and South Korea, and has been cited as a cause of low fertility. Previous research attributes this high spending to a cultural emphasis on education in East Asian countries. In this paper, we argue that institutional factors, namely higher education and labor market systems, play an important role in reinforcing the pressure on parents to invest in their children’s education. We review evidence showing that graduating from a prestigious university has very high economic and social returns in Japan and South Korea, and examine the implications for fertility within the framework of quantity–quality models. Finally, we put forward ‘reverse one-child’ policies that directly address the unintended consequences of these institutional factors on fertility. These policies have the additional virtues of having very low fiscal requirements and reducing social inequality.