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Social pacts as coalitions of 'weak' and 'moderate' : Ireland, Italy and South Korea in comparative perspective

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  • Social pacts as coalitions of 'weak' and 'moderate'
  • Baccaro, Lucio; Lim, Sang-Hoon
  • International Labour Organization


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Title Social pacts as coalitions of 'weak' and 'moderate'
Similar Titles
Sub Title

Ireland, Italy and South Korea in comparative perspective

Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Baccaro, Lucio; Lim, Sang-Hoon

Publisher

Geneva, Switzerland:International Labour Organization

Date 2006
Series Title; No Discussion paper / DP/162/2006
Pages 32
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Ireland(Europe)
Italy(Europe)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Social Development < Employment
Government and Law < Public Administration
Holding International Labour Organization

Abstract

Based on an analysis of the Irish, Italian and South Korean cases, this paper argues that a social pact is a coalition of “weak and moderate,” namely the result of a strategic alliance between an electoral weak government faced with a political economic crisis and the most moderate sections of the labour movement. We relax the assumption, upheld by most literature, of unions as unitary actors and argue that such strategic commitment only emerges as the result of an internal political battle inside the unions, when the moderates prevail over the radicals and shape the strategic stance of the labour movement as a whole. As illustrated by the Italian and Irish cases, decision-making rules bringing the preferences of the rank-and-file (and even nonunion workers) to bear on the process of collective decision help the moderate faction to prevail. (The rest omitted)