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Population control and local elites in the "Third World" : The family planning program in postcolonial South Korea

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  • Population control and local elites in the "Third World"
  • Cho, Eunjoo
  • Rockefeller Archive Center


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Title Population control and local elites in the "Third World"
Similar Titles
Sub Title

The family planning program in postcolonial South Korea

Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Cho, Eunjoo

Publisher

[Sleepy Hollow, U.S.]:Rockefeller Archive Center

Date 2009-04
Pages 18
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Social Development < Population
Holding Rockefeller Archive Center

Abstract

The international campaign of population control has become a subject of historical study, as fertility rates have been declining in most areas in the world (Connelly 2003: 122). According to many researchers, population control programs were directly influenced by the international order, especially during the Cold War (Finkle and Crane 1975; Donaldson 1990; Luke and Watkins 2002; Connelly 2003, 2008, 2009). Population control to reduce the fertility rate spread to developing countries (Barrett and Tsui 1999), which had just been decolonized. It was Alfred Sauvy, a demographer and France’s representative on the UN Population Commission, who coined the term “Third World” in 1952 (Connelly 2009: 474- 475). Population control was part of the Third World development program designed by Western countries, especially the United States, by the Rockefeller Foundation and the Ford Foundation, and by international organizations such as the United Nations. (The rest omitted)