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Female constituency, electoral competition, and local maternity policy in Korea

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  • Female constituency, electoral competition, and local maternity policy in Korea
  • Kim, Doo-Rae
  • Seoul National University


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Title Female constituency, electoral competition, and local maternity policy in Korea
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Material Type Articles
Author(English)

Kim, Doo-Rae

Publisher

[Seoul, S.Korea]:Seoul National University

Date 2012
Journal Title; Vol./Issue Korean Journal of Policy Studies:vol. 27(no. 2)
Pages 22
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Social Development < Others
Government and Law < Public Administration
Government and Law < Political Development
Holding Seoul National University

Abstract

This study explores the dynamic nature of maternity policy formation by focusing on the role of the female constituency and electoral competition in rendering policy makers, regardless of their gender, more receptive to the interests of women. The study utilizes original data on maternity policy benefits collected from local governments in Korea. The results show that a strong female constituency and intense electoral competition can lead local policy makers to establish greater maternity benefits. These findings suggest that the electoral power of women in the citizenry and the political vulnerability of elected officials constitute alternative channels for female influence on the formation of local maternity policy in Korea.