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Demystifying the Park Chung-Hee myth : The critical role of land reform in the evolution of Korea’s developmental state

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  • Demystifying the Park Chung-Hee myth
  • You, Jong-sung
  • Social Science Network Science


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Title Demystifying the Park Chung-Hee myth
Similar Titles
Sub Title

The critical role of land reform in the evolution of Korea’s developmental state

Material Type Articles
Author(English)

You, Jong-sung

Publisher

[Hamburg, Germany]:Social Science Network Science

Date 2016-04
Pages 35
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Economy < Economic Administration
Territorial Development < National Land Development
Holding SSRN

Abstract

The developmental state literature emphasises the importance of state autonomy and capacity, with a particular focus on the Weberian type of meritocratic bureaucracy. Existing studies of South Korea’s economic development generally credit Park Chung-hee for establishing such a state. I question this common wisdom with careful process tracing of the development of a meritocratic bureaucracy in the country. My findings suggest that the contrast between the predatory Rhee regime (1948–60) and the developmental Park regime (1961–79) has been exaggerated. Meritocracy in South Korea’s bureaucratic recruitment and promotion systems developed gradually over several decades, including during Rhee’s regime as well as the short democratic episode (1960–61). What then explains the evolution of a developmental state in Korea? (The rest omitted)