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Clientelism and trade liberalization : Institutional foundations of agricultural protectionism in Japan and Korea

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  • Clientelism and trade liberalization
  • Asaba, Yuki
  • Yamaguchi University


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Title Clientelism and trade liberalization
Similar Titles
Sub Title

Institutional foundations of agricultural protectionism in Japan and Korea

Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Asaba, Yuki

Publisher

[Yamaguchi, Japan]:Yamaguchi University

Date 1987-06
Series Title; No APSA 2011 annual meeting paper
Pages 33
Subject Country Japan(Asia and Pacific)
South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Economy < Economic Administration
Industry and Technology < Agriculture
Holding SSRN

Abstract

This paper examines the development and transformation of farm protectionism, in particular protection of rice farms, in Japan and Korea. While Japan fails to break with the status quo price distortionary and clientelistic farm policy that combines acreage control and pork barrel, Korea is successfully making a transition to direct payment to producers, which is commonly used in other advanced economies. Despite similarities such as the farm sector’s loss of comparative advantage, preexisting outright price control schemes, electoral institutions, and strong farm lobbies, Korea has been more aggressive in trade liberalization in concluding FTAs with the US and EU than Japan has. It is shown that the strength of political parties which is a function of the constitutional structure systematically affected the divergent policy paths in Japan and Korea. (The rest omitted)