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Democratizing to dysfunction : The management of access to electoral success in South Korea

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  • Democratizing to dysfunction
  • Mobrand, Erik
  • National University of Singapore


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Title Democratizing to dysfunction
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Sub Title

The management of access to electoral success in South Korea

Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Mobrand, Erik

Publisher

[Singapore]:National University of Singapore

Date 2014-08
Series Title; No APSA 2014 Annual Meeting Paper
Pages 44
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Government and Law < Political Systems
Government and Law < Political Development
Holding SSRN

Abstract

Mainstream thinking about democratization asserts that the establishment of free and fair elections forces political actors to compete for votes. Such competition disciplines parties and makes elected leaders respond to popular demands. However, political elites fight not just within the electoral arena but also over terms of entry into that arena. This paper examines struggle over electoral struggle in South Korea, a country widely considered a successful new democracy. High politicians there have turned repeatedly to tools – including regulation through the state, exclusive party nominating practices, and partisan symbols that foster regional monopolies – that circumscribe electoral space. Conflict over access to electoral success has had a profound impact on parties and modes of electoral engagement. This pattern can be traced to the historical relationship between the state and elections, pre-democratic modes of electoral regulation, and the controlled nature of the democratic transition. (The rest omitted)