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Government spending and party fragmentation in South Korea and Taiwan

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  • Government spending and party fragmentation in South Korea and Taiwan
  • Yap, O. Fiona
  • Crawford School of Public Policy


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Title Government spending and party fragmentation in South Korea and Taiwan
Similar Titles
Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Yap, O. Fiona

Publisher

Canberra, Australia:Crawford School of Public Policy

Date 2009-12
Series Title; No Korea observer
Pages 33
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Taiwan(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Economy < Financial Policy
Government and Law < Political Development
Holding SSRN

Abstract

How does government spending affect party fragmentation in emergent democracies? This paper considers that parties affect the environment within which they compete. As a result, supply-side factors – such as government spending – may affect party fragmentation. We investigate how government spending works as a supply-side factor in South Korea and Taiwan. The paper provides three findings of interest. First, qualitative case descriptions of South Korea and Taiwan since democratization shows a pattern of party splits following conflicts over resource use to develop winning strategies for political office. Second, statistical analyses support the results from the qualitative investigation: they show that in both South Korea and Taiwan, government spending is not capitalized to win legislative office. Third, the statistical results also show that legislative fragmentation increases with increased defense spending and decreases when civilian spending is increased. (The rest omitted)