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Democratization, political parties and Korean welfare politics : Korean family policy reforms in comparative perspective

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  • Democratization, political parties and Korean welfare politics
  • Lee, SC
  • Cambridge University Press


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Title Democratization, political parties and Korean welfare politics
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Sub Title

Korean family policy reforms in comparative perspective

Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Lee, SC

Publisher

[Cambridge, U.K.]:Cambridge University Press

Date 2016-07
Pages 30
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Social Development < Population
Government and Law < Political Development
Holding White Rose Research Online

Abstract

Recent reforms of family policy signal a turning point in the Korean welfare state, as they undermine the welfare developmentalism that is commonly ascribed to Korean social policy. Drawing on the East Asian as well as Western welfare state literatures, the research seeks to understand the politics behind family policy reforms. In doing so, the research argues that political parties were the driver of these reforms contrary to the conventional “parties do not matter” perspective that dominates the East Asian welfare state literature. Utilizing the party competition thesis from the study of Western welfare states, it demonstrates that political parties, the unlikely reform agency due to their perceived non-policy-orientation, moved family policy to centre stage of election campaigns. Far-reaching changes in the electorate, namely the diminishing effect of regionalism and the increasing importance of young voters, incentivized parties to promote family policy. (The rest omitted)