콘텐츠 바로가기
로그인
컨텐츠

Category Open

Resources

tutorial

Collection of research papers and materials on development issues

home

Resources
Territorial Development National Land Development
Social Development Population

Print

Describing changes in the built environment of shrinking cities : Case study of Incheon, South Korea

Related Document
Frame of Image
  • Describing changes in the built environment of shrinking cities
  • Lee, Jae Seung; Won, Sehyung; Kim, Saehoon
  • American Society of Civil Engineers


link
Title Describing changes in the built environment of shrinking cities
Similar Titles
Sub Title

Case study of Incheon, South Korea

Material Type Articles
Author(English)

Lee, Jae Seung; Won, Sehyung; Kim, Saehoon

Publisher

[Reston, U.S.]:American Society of Civil Engineers

Date 2016-06
Journal Title; Vol./Issue Journal of Urban Planning and Development:vol. 142(2)
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Territorial Development < National Land Development
Social Development < Population
Holding American Society of Civil Engineers

Abstract

In the early 2000s, nearly 30% of South Korean cities reportedly shrunk in terms of population, number of enterprises, and property disinvestment. Although many researchers have already documented socioeconomic changes linked with shrinking cities, little is known about how changes in a neighborhood’s built environment influence the process of shrinking within a city’s local context. Here, a neighborhood called Songhyun-dong in Incheon, which was previously one of the busiest mixed-use retail neighborhoods in Korea, was empirically documented through nontechnical analyses of urban-form data for the years of 1937, 1985, 1995, and 2013. It was discovered that urban planners’ institutional response to urban shrinkage, such as development of extensive transport infrastructure and imposition of a rigid gridiron layout, failed to contribute to the recovery of the shrinking neighborhood. The resultant loss of securely-enclosed residential areas and adaptable market-space characteristics has amplified the downward spiral of the shrinking process.