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Measuring resilience to natural hazards: Towards sustainable hazard mitigation

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  • Measuring resilience to natural hazards: Towards sustainable hazard mitigation
  • Shim, Jae Heon; Kim, Chun-Il
  • Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute


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Title Measuring resilience to natural hazards: Towards sustainable hazard mitigation
Similar Titles
Material Type Articles
Author(English)

Shim, Jae Heon; Kim, Chun-Il

Publisher

[Basel, Switzerland]:Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute

Date 2015-10
Journal Title; Vol./Issue Sustainability:vol. 7(no. 10)
Pages 33
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Territorial Development < Environment
Social Development < Health
Holding MDPI

Abstract

Measuring resilience to natural hazards is a central issue in the hazard mitigation sciences. This paper applied a confirmatory factor methodology to operationalize the biophysical, built-environment, and socioeconomic resilience dimensions for local jurisdictions in large urban metropolitan areas in South Korea. Mapping the factor scores of the dimensions revealed great spatial variations. The factor covariances showed a trade-off relationship between natural infrastructure and human activities. A hierarchical cluster analysis was used to classify the localities into heterogeneous groups with respect to the identified resilience dimensions. Densely developed and affluent urban areas tend to lack biophysical resilience. Some local governments, sorted into the same groups, turn out to be located in different metropolitan areas. The spatial variation and inequality in the resilience dimensions suggest the necessity of integrated and flexible governance for sustainable hazard mitigation.