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Policy ideas and policy learning about ‘basic research’ in South Korea

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  • Policy ideas and policy learning about ‘basic research’ in South Korea
  • Ko, Yongsu
  • Oxford University Press


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Title Policy ideas and policy learning about ‘basic research’ in South Korea
Similar Titles
Material Type Articles
Author(English)

Ko, Yongsu

Publisher

[Oxford, U.K.] : Oxford University Press

Date 2015-08
Journal Title; Vol./Issue Science and Public Policy:vol. 42(vol. 4)
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Industry and Technology < Science/Technology
Holding Oxford University Press
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Abstract

‘Basic research’ is based on epistemological and intentional criteria. In terms of science policy, however, these criteria imply contradictory views on investment in ‘basic research’. The former espouses the linear model of innovation and encourages policy-makers concerned with economic problems to expand investment on basic research. However, the latter can collide with the policy norm of policy-makers and discourage investment in ‘basic research’ in an institutional setting where the nation-state prevails over scientists, as in South Korea. Emphasizing policy ideas and policy learning, this paper empirically shows that changes in investment priority and the emergence of new concepts about ‘basic research’ are co-products of a policy paradigm of the linear model and a policy norm of industrial competitiveness in Korea. Specifically, emphasis was placed on the balance between pure and oriented basic research, but moved on to ‘oriented basic research’, ‘basic engineering’, and to ‘basic research’ coupled with ‘woncheon-technology’.