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Initial attack fire suppression, spatial resource allocation, and fire prevention policy in California, the United States, and the Republic of Korea

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  • Initial attack fire suppression, spatial resource allocation, and fire prevention policy in California, the United States, and the Republic of Korea
  • Lee, Yohan
  • Oregon State University


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Title Initial attack fire suppression, spatial resource allocation, and fire prevention policy in California, the United States, and the Republic of Korea
Similar Titles
Material Type Thesis
Author(English)

Lee, Yohan

Publisher

[Corvallis, U.S.] : Oregon State University

Date 2012-11
Pages 210
Subject Country United States(Americas)
South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Government and Law < Public Safety
Holding CORE
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Abstract

In this dissertation, I combined a scenario-based, standard-response optimization model with a stochastic simulation model to improve the efficiency of the deployment of initial attack firefighting resources on wildland fires in California and the Republic of Korea. The optimization model minimizes the expected number of fires that do not receive a standard response—defined as the number of resources by type that must arrive at the fire within a specified time limit—subject to budget and station capacity constraints and uncertainty about the daily number and location of fires. The simulation model produces a set of fire scenarios in which a combination of fire count, fire locations, fire ignition times, and fire behavior occur. Compared with the current deployment, the deployment obtained with optimization shifts resources from the planning unit with the\ud highest fire load to the planning unit with the highest standard response requirements. (The rest omitted)