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States of welfare : The social context of tax-welfare backlash in Japan and Korea

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  • States of welfare
  • Seok, Ju Hee; Yun, Ji-Whan
  • International Studies Association


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Title States of welfare
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Sub Title

The social context of tax-welfare backlash in Japan and Korea

Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Seok, Ju Hee; Yun, Ji-Whan

Publisher

[Storrs, U.S.] : International Studies Association

Date 2016
Pages 27
Subject Country Japan(Asia and Pacific)
South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Economy < Economic Administration
Social Development < Social Welfare
Holding International Studies Association
License

Abstract

This paper explains why and how Japanese and Korean citizens resisted the recent reform of the respective centre-left governments to increase tax revenue in exchange for the provision of more welfare benefits. This paper investigates "states of welfare", that is, actual means supporting citizens’ livelihoods, to understand the unique social context of tax-welfare backlash in East Asia. Under the developmental regimes, East Asian citizens have long depended on informal social norms and resources to substitute for the shortage of formal welfare benefits. They now resisted the new tax-welfare system, because this system strengthened the extractive capacity of the state and thereby undercut existing norms and resources. States of welfare also explain diverging patterns of tax-welfare backlash between Japan and Korea. Having more political networks to defend their states of welfare collectively, Japanese citizens were more likely to organize collective actions against the reform than Korean citizens.