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Rise of latecomers and catch-up cycles in the world steel industry

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  • Rise of latecomers and catch-up cycles in the world steel industry
  • Lee, Keun; Ki, Jee-hoon
  • Elsevier


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Title Rise of latecomers and catch-up cycles in the world steel industry
Similar Titles
Material Type Articles
Author(English)

Lee, Keun; Ki, Jee-hoon

Publisher

[Amsterdam, Netherlands] : Elsevier

Date 2016-08
Journal Title; Vol./Issue Research Policy:vol. 22(no. 1)
Pages 30
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Industry and Technology < Manufacturing
Industry and Technology < Science/Technology
Holding ResearchGate
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Abstract

This study analyzes the sources of changes in industrial leadership and catch-up by latecomers in the world steel industry since World War II. The shift of leadership from the United States to Japan in 1980 and the subsequent rise of Korea with POSCO’s output surpassing that of Nippon Steel in 1998, is explained on the basis of a single theoretical framework. We rely on the neo-Schumpeterian concepts of sectoral innovation systems and windows of opportunity for latecomers in catching up with leading countries. These windows include changing generations of technologies, business cycles and demand shifts, and government regulations and other interventions. Japan realized a path-creating catch-up by taking advantage of the opportunity window associated with the emergence of new technologies. Entering as a state-owned enterprise, POSCO engaged in stage-skipping catch-up by utilizing the downturn as a window of opportunity to pay low prices for expanding its facilities and updating its technologies.