콘텐츠 바로가기
로그인
컨텐츠

Category Open

Resources

tutorial

Collection of research papers and materials on development issues

home

Resources
Territorial Development National Land Development
Social Development Social Welfare

Print

Intergrated policy for forests, food security and sustainable livelihoods : Lessons from the Republic of Korea

Related Document
Frame of Image
  • Intergrated policy for forests, food security and sustainable livelihoods
  • Food and Agriculture Orginization of th United Nations
  • Food and Agriculture Orginization of th United Nations


link
Title Intergrated policy for forests, food security and sustainable livelihoods
Similar Titles
Sub Title

Lessons from the Republic of Korea

Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Food and Agriculture Orginization of th United Nations

Publisher

[Rome],[Italy] : Food and Agriculture Orginization of th United Nations

Date 2016
Pages 52
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Territorial Development < National Land Development
Social Development < Social Welfare
Holding FAO
License

Abstract

The Republic of Korea is a mountainous country where the people have traditionally had a high reliance on forests for timber, fuelwood and non-wood forest products such as mushrooms and edible wild greens. In the 1950s and 1960s, it was one of the poorest and least developed countries in the world. Half of the country’s forest cover had been lost through slash-and-burn agricultural practices, large-scale land conversion and overextraction of fuel and timber. The deforestation resulted in severe erosion and exacerbated damage from repetitive droughts and floods, leading to decreased agricultural production and loss of lives and property. In short, attempts to meet food security needs resulted in severe deforestation and paradoxically became the main factor threatening food security. Breaking this vicious circle was the rationale for an intensive forest rehabilitation programme that began in the 1960s, crowned in the 1970s and 1980s by two TenYear Forest Rehabilitation Plans which achieved complete rehabilitation in merely two decades.