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Civil society and democratization in South Korea

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  • Civil society and democratization in South Korea
  • Kim,Sunhyuk
  • University of Bologna


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Title Civil society and democratization in South Korea
Similar Titles
Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Kim,Sunhyuk

Publisher

Bologna,Italy : University of Bologna

Date 2017
Pages 20
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Government and Law < Political Development
Holding AlmaDL University of Bologna Digital Library
License

Abstract

Analysts of Korean politics have tended to present two different, and to some extent confl icting, interpretations regarding what really caused South Korea’s recent democratization since 1987. According to one popular interpretation, it was primarily – if not entirely – due to a series of elite calculations and interactions.1 The focus of this interpretation is June 29, 1987 on which the chairman of the ruling Democratic Justice Party, Roh Tae Woo, made his eight-point proposal on democratic reform – the “June 29 Declaration.” It is still disputable if there existed a real split between the “hardliners” and the “softliners” within the ruling elite.2 Nevertheless, according to this interpretation, ruling elites predicted that the opposition would be fragmented, and this is why they agreed to adopt a set of democratic reforms including a change to a direct presidential election system.