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Female employment and fertility change in South Korea

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  • Female employment and fertility change in South Korea
  • Ma, Li
  • Stockholoms University


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Title Female employment and fertility change in South Korea
Similar Titles
Material Type Thesis
Author(English)

Ma, Li

Publisher

[Stockholm],[Sweden] : Stockholoms University

Date 2014
Series Title; No Stockholm university demography unit dissertation / 11
Pages 39
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Social Development < Employment
Social Development < Gender
Holding Stockholoms University
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Abstract

A large amount of literature has addressed the relationship between women’s employment and fertility in the Western context. We have less relevant knowledge about the context of East Asia. This thesis addresses this situation by providing insight into how women’s employment is interrelated with their fertility in South Korea. I investigate women’s life-course transitions to motherhood, labor force return after childbearing, and second childbearing, respectively. Data used for my analyses come from the Korea Labor and Income Panel Study (KLIPS). My studies show that the traditional practice of leaving the labor market at an early stage of family life has gradually been replaced by a pattern of staying at work until and during pregnancy. Among wage earners, women with stable employment positions are more likely than others to become a mother. Further, women with a good labor market standing are more likely to return to the labor force immediately after childbirth without any career interruption. Still, a considerable number of women shift to homemaking after childbirth. The outbreak of the Asian financial crisis in 1997 pushed mothers to hold tighter to the labor market than before. Labor force participation after first birth depresses women’s likelihood of having a second child.