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Water policy reforms in South Korea : A historial review and ongoing challenges for custainable water governance and management

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  • Water policy reforms in South Korea
  • Choi,Ik-Chang; Shin,Hio-Jung; Nguyen,Thanh Trung; Tenhunen, John
  • MDPI


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Title Water policy reforms in South Korea
Similar Titles
Sub Title

A historial review and ongoing challenges for custainable water governance and management

Material Type Articles
Author(English)

Choi,Ik-Chang; Shin,Hio-Jung; Nguyen,Thanh Trung; Tenhunen, John

Publisher

[Basel, Switzerland] : MDPI

Date 2017
Journal Title; Vol./Issue Water:vol.9(Issue.9)
Pages 20
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Territorial Development < Marine Development
Territorial Development < Environment
Holding MDPI
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Abstract

This study aims to provide an opinion on the state-of-the-art of changes and reforms of water policies in South Korea, as well as the challenges along with their implications for sustainable water governance and management. In parallel with change in water resource characteristics generated by physical, environmental and socio-economic challenges such as: (1) uncertainties about climate change (flooding and drought) including seasonal and regional variation in precipitation; (2) significant increase in water use caused by rapid urbanization and population growth in industrialized urban areas; (3) inadequate water pricing mechanism which covers only around 80% of the production cost and makes it harder to maintain water systems; and (4) recursive water quality degradation and conflicts over water rights between regions resulting from non-point source pollution in highland versus lowland areas, Korean water policies have been developed through diverse reforms over 100 years. Nevertheless, new challenges for sustainable water management are continuously emerging.