Normally, the economic performance of socialism and capitalism are usually seen as two models that generate in general growth and wealth in a society. However, the comparison between the economic policies of Mexico and South Korea is of great importance due to the economic history of the two countries shows how small the capitalist system, the policy responses to the financial and economic crisis of 2008 had very different results from lack of accompanying policy and the use of conventional or orthodox policies. In every economic system, each nation has the right to choose policies that they feel necessary for better performance of their economies. So, the options for these policies depend heavily on institutions and specifically the leaders representing a class in society where they evolve. Based on this idea, (Djankov Simeon et al 2003) argues: Each capitalist economy has many public and private institutions. These institutions function to select political leaders, to secure property rights, to redistribute wealth, to resolve disputes, to govern firms, to allocate credit, etc. Political economy over the last two centuries, as well as recent empirical research, demonstrates that these institutions differ tremendously and systematically among countries. These differences and their consequences for economic performance are the subject of the new comparative economics.