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Catching up? Intergenerational mobility and children of immigrants

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  • Catching up? Intergenerational mobility and children of immigrants
  • OECD
  • OECD


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Title Catching up? Intergenerational mobility and children of immigrants
Similar Titles
Material Type Reports
Author(English)

OECD

Publisher

[Paris, France] : OECD

Date 2017-12
ISBN 978-92-64-28804-1
Pages 155
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Social Development < Population
Social Development < Education
Holding OECD
License

Abstract

Natives with immigrant parents have lower educational attainment and weaker learning outcomes than their peers with native-born parents in most European OECD countries, especially in those countries which experienced large-scale immigration of low-educated immigrants in the past. The amount of years immigrant parents have spent in the host country positively affects the educational outcomes of their children, mostly due to the parents’ language skills improving over time. More generally, there is evidence that good language skills of parents positively impact their children’s educational outcomes, particularly when they are young.
In Europe, the employment gap between native-born children of non-EU immigrants and children of native-born decreases with the level of educational attainment, suggesting that a person’s own education is a stronger driver for labour market integration among children of non-EU immigrants than among children of natives. Low-educated natives with low-educated parents born outside the EU have an almost 8 percentage points lower employment rate than their peers with native parents, while the gap is only about half that for higher levels of education.
About a dozen of OECD countries have policies in place to promote the employment of children of immigrants in the public sector. There is a wide range of tools, from information and advertisement campaigns to broad-based policies specifically targeted at children of immigrants which oblige public employers to make particular recruitment efforts with respect to this group.