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Food insecurity in Asia : Why institutions matter

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  • Food insecurity in Asia
  • Asian Development Bank Institute
  • Asian Development Bank


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Title Food insecurity in Asia
Similar Titles
Sub Title

Why institutions matter

Material Type Books
Author(English)

Asian Development Bank Institute

Publisher

[Tokyo, Japan] : Asian Development Bank

Date 2017
ISBN 978-4-89974-090-2
Pages 119
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Industry and Technology < Agriculture
Social Development < Health
Holding Asian Development Bank
License

Abstract

While overall food security has improved remarkably in Asia in the past few decades, food insecurity still prevails in many developing countries in the region. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, over 500 million Asians still suffer from hunger. Sound strategies need to be developed and actions undertaken to fight food insecurity in Asia. In the meantime, there have been success stories in many parts of Asia where food security has been maintained or achieved. Exploring the lessons and experiences behind the success or failure in the quest for food security is clearly important and valuable.
In this report, we postulate that institutional differences between countries are the most fundamental determinants of their divergent food security status. More specifically, we will take a comparative approach, focusing on the roles and effects of governmental and economic institutions on food security in the selected countries of Bangladesh, the People’s Republic of China (PRC), India, Indonesia, Israel, Japan, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Pakistan, Singapore, and the Republic of Korea. These countries share some similarities, but also differ in terms of their institutional settings, natural resource endowments, population size, and the level of economic development. Our study reveals that Israel, Japan, Singapore, and the Republic of Korea have achieved or maintained food security. The PRC and Indonesia have managed to improve their food security although more remains to be done. But Bangladesh, India, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, and Pakistan continue to face formidable challenges.