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Malaria eradication in the Americas : A retrospective analysis of childhood exposure

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  • Malaria eradication in the Americas
  • Bleakley, Hoyt
  • NIH Public Access


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Title Malaria eradication in the Americas
Similar Titles
Sub Title

A retrospective analysis of childhood exposure

Material Type Report
Author(English)

Bleakley, Hoyt

Publisher

Chicago : NIH Public Access

Date 2010-04
Journal Title; Vol./Issue Am Econ J Appl Econ:vol.2(no.2)
Pages 43
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Social Development < Health
Holding PMC
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Abstract

This study uses the malaria-eradication campaigns in the United States (circa 1920), and in Brazil, Colombia and Mexico (circa 1955) to measure how much childhood exposure to malaria depresses labor productivity. The campaigns began because of advances in health technology, which mitigates concerns about reverse causality. Malarious areas saw large drops in the disease thereafter. Relative to non-malarious areas, cohorts born after eradication had higher income as adults than the preceding generation. These cross-cohort changes coincided with childhood exposure to the campaigns rather than to pre-existing trends. Estimates suggest a substantial, though not predominant, role for malaria in explaining cross-region differences in income.