With the rise of the knowledge-based economy, entailing globalisation and an enormous expansion in new information and economic opportunities but also a worrisome tendency for polarisation between technology winners and losers, the OECD Member countries are seeking new and more appropriate policy responses to the societal challenges surrounding innovation and diffusion of technology. While there are great similarities in the fundamental challenges confronting governments, country-specific conditions, including differences across countries in the policy-making process itself, make it difficult to conclude on general recommendations for policy in this evolving area. There is thus tremendous scope for mutual learning among countries, from the experience of success as well as failure.
This study examines this new policy environment and draws conclusions regarding what works and does not work in government efforts in regard to technological change. Forming part of the OECD Jobs Study, it concludes a two–year programme launched at the May 1996 Council meeting at Ministerial level and identifies “best practices” in innovation and technology diffusion policies. Related issues, raised at the 1996 G7 Jobs Conference in Lille, are also addressed – in particular: (i) the creation of high-performance workplaces, (ii) investment in intangible assets, and (iii) consistency in structural
and macroeconomic policies.
The report has been prepared under the aegis of the Joint Expert Group which is comprised of the three main committees of the Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry. Substantive inputs were also directly provided by the Committee for Scientific and Technological Policy and the Industry Committee. The Information, Computer and Communications Policy Committee contributed to Chapter 10 on demand in new growth areas. The work on intangible assets reported in Chapter 11 was undertaken in co-operation with the Directorate for Education, Labour and Social Affairs. Co-operation
with the Economics Department contributed to the analysis of linkages between macroeconomic policy and structural reform, addressed in Chapter 4.
This report is published on the responsibility of the Secretary-General of the OECD.
- Technology, productivity and job creation
Technology, productivity and job creation
Paris : OECD
Australia(Asia and Pacific)
Japan(Asia and Pacific)
New Zealand(Asia and Pacific)
South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
|Subject||Industry and Technology < Science/Technology
Social Development < Employment