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Urban Regeneration Plan

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Urban Regeneration Plan06



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Title Urban Regeneration Plan
Similar Titles
Material Type Reports
Date 2015
Language Korean
File Type Theme
Subject Territorial Development
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Abstract

Sub-Theme 3 | Urban Regeneration Plan##3D_LAYER##[7]##3D_TEXT:More detailed contents can be found in the Seoul Development Institute (2003), Peter G. Rowe ed.(2010), Seoul Institute Global Future Research Center (2014), etc.##3D_LAYER_END##  





Downtown Management Framework



For several decades, the City of Seoul had exerted its efforts on developing Gangnam (southern Seoul). As a result, the Gangnam area emerged as a prospering new commercial and residential center, while the old center located in Gangbuk (northern Seoul) became deteriorated. Some argue that environmentally unfriendly structures like the Cheonggye Elevated Expressway served as obstacles to the development of the downtown in Gangbuk. Now that this obstacle has been removed through the restoration of Cheonggyecheon, Gangbuk can be revived into an eco-friendly downtown.





Along with the restoration, the old downtown will be regenerated as a historical and cultural center, a business and commercial center, and a center of tourism and shopping. The revitalization plan contains two goals, one is the preservation of history and environment and the other is the pursuit of sustainable development. Sustainable development means harmonizing the area’s historical and waterside eco-friendly environments through redevelopment. To achieve these goals, the downtown revitalization plan designated specific target areas, one for strategic development, the other for conservation, and then adjusted building height, development density, and floor area ratios to these schemes.





To facilitate the development process, the downtown has been divided into four parts: "Strategic Redevelopment District", "Preservation District", "Self-Rehabilitation District" and "Comprehensive Revitalization District." For a flattering city- and landscape, building heights should be capped. For some areas, the current limitation of 60 meters was strengthened, while the height limit was increased in the redevelopment region based on an incentive system. In other words, a building could be built higher if a certain portion of its land was donated for public use, e.g., pedestrian space, walkways or a park.





The floor-area ratio (FAR) in downtown is an important barometer to measure the balance between development and conservation. According to the Compact City theory, intensive downtown development with good accessibility to public transport is the most environmentally sustainable. Considering the current downtown capacity and the expected increase in demand for offices and housing, it may be possible to maintain the present floor space ratio at 600 percent. Controls and incentives regarding the ratio are very significant, since it serves as a means to secure the profitability of redevelopment projects.





Restoring History and Culture



In the efforts to restore downtown historical sites, the following restoration works will be considered: to restore Seoul’s old city wall, to beautify historic streets, to create longitudinal and circular green axes inside the four historical gates, and to preserve a modern cultural legacy. To restore culture, strategies are needed to turn the cultural assets abundant in the urban center into tourism resources. One such strategy involves designating seven cultural belts. Along with the introduction of the cultural belts, special routes have been drawn up for walking, sightseeing and shopping. Four courses are available for tourists to walk (see Figure 5).





A new plan that aims to digitalize the stream is on the way, too. It will add contents to Cheonggyecheon to create a more attractive stream that is filled with cultural fun and activities. After the CRP, visitors will be able to hear about the history of Cheonggyecheon and the local area and obtain shopping and performance suggestions by accessing the information on personal digital assistants. Also, wireless Internet will be available and a digital media wall with a stock market ticker will be installed to mark Korea’s status as one of the most economically developed countries.

 


[Figure 5. Cultural Belt and Pedestrian Tour Routes]

 










Strengthening Residential Development



Before the restoration, the old urban center was rapidly hollowing out, so it was necessary to strengthen the residential function of downtown for its revitalization. To this end, several suggestions were considered such as downtown village improvement, Hanok (traditional house) district conservation, and high-quality modern residences. For example, high-quality residential areas could be introduced through the redevelopment of mid-rise/low-rise residences. The downtown village improvement plan will be conducted in areas within 500m of 25 elementary schools. To save old Hanok, the city offers various support to residents willing to preserve their traditional houses voluntarily.





One of the most important purposes of the CRP was to revive the aging and economically declining Gangbuk area. To solve the regional disparity problem, especially in the living environment of Gangbuk, Seoul proposed several efforts under the name Revitalized Gangbuk. Among the several innovative schemes, the Newtown project was key. The contents of this project were two-fold, one was to improve residential living conditions and the other was to develop a thriving local core area for commercial activities.





The Newtown project primarily targeted un- or underdeveloped areas with a high concentration of dilapidated buildings and urban districts that were previously developed in a disorderly manner. To solve the problems, it focused on a stronger role for the public sector, including increased financial investment. In general, projects pursued by the private sector emphasized providing housing without sufficient consideration of the supporting infrastructure, often resulting in a short supply of green spaces and pedestrian access routes. Planners had as their goal the comprehensive redevelopment of existing neighborhoods into fully functioning urban ‘living complexes’equipped with every imaginable facility. They intended to create a community where people of different social strata and generations could live together in harmony. There were three types of Newtowns: residential towns, local center towns, and new local towns. The basic principles behind Newtown development were: environmentally friendly development and renovation, mixed-use, and urban renewal. In 2002, three pilot Newtowns were selected, and 12 more towns were designated in 2003. The Seoul Metropolitan Government planned to add ten more to the list, with 25 Newtowns to be completed by 2012.





Revitalizing Downtown Industries



Sophisticated urban functions and industrial structures were required to enhance the status of downtown Seoul. In particular, it was urgent to revitalize industries in the Cheonggyecheon area. In addition, industrial competitiveness had to be strengthened through the restructuring of various sectors. Pollution emitting industries and out-dated manufacturing industries needed to be reshuffled and clustered to make best use of the linkage among them. Also, Seoul City was required to find an alternative place for these industries.





The industrial structure of the urban center needed to be enhanced to sharpen its competitive edge. An international business complex consisting of multinational regional headquarters and international financial institutions would be developed at the core of the urban center. Convention facilities and hotels will be added to support these industries. The redevelopment of the Sewun Shopping District will be a turning point for industry revitalization downtown. Under the trust redevelopment plan, owners of property in the Sewun District can receive certain amounts of funding from the trust company, and after the trust period is over, they will be given a share of the profits from the redevelopment project.





Cheonggye 6-ga around Dongdaemun Market will be a "Total Fashion Industry District" where clothing and accessories are made and sold.##3D_LAYER##[8]##3D_TEXT:The ‘-ga’ denotes sections of major streets assigned for administrative purpose.##3D_LAYER_END## And the government will support logistics and distribution facilities. Cheonggye 7-ga and 8-ga will be transformed into a downtown industrial complex where shoes and stationery are produced. On the other hand, the Munjeong and Jangji districts in Songpa-gu were designated as alternative sites for new businesses.