1. Establishment of Comprehensive Mid/long-term Development Plans
South Korea’s quarantine policies, before establishment of the Plan for Animal and Plant Quarantine Reinforcement in 1993, mainly consisted of ad-hoc solutions to individual issues that lacked systematic approach. In 1995, creation of WTO and effectuation of the WTO/SPS agreement represented major changes that warranted the need to fundamentally change the essence of South Korea’s quarantine system.
Accordingly, the government established a comprehensive plan to prepare for the UR regime. The 5-year Plan for New Agricultural Administration was established in 1993, which involved aid for agricultural products affected by free trade, measures for rural development and reinforcement of animal and plant quarantine functions
The 1st 5-year Plan for Animal and Plant Quarantine Reinforcement was aimed at establishing the basic infrastructure to handle the implementation of free trade for the next 5 years starting from 1992: however, the quarantine environment went through changes more rapid than expected, so the government shortened the project period by one year and implemented each stage of the project. After continued evaluation, supplement and consideration of those evaluations and environmental changes, the 7th project is in operation as of 2014.
Key Areas of Investment
• Expansion of quarantine organization, workforce, facilities and equipments
• Securing of expert workforce for quarantine inspection and improvement of inspection skills
• Construction of quarantine computer network and information system
• Settlement of the detection dogs system
Establishment of the Plan for Plant Quarantine Reinforcement was motivated by the WTO/SPS in 1995
- Phase 1 (1993~1995): 4.8 billion KRW invested to refine quarantine systems in compliance with the international laws and prepare for expansion of free trade, after completion of the UR negotiation.
- Phase 2 (1996~1997): Basis for scientific quarantine secured to prepare for the WTO regime, 10.5-billion investment made
- Phase 3 (1998~2006) Advancement of plant quarantine for the 21st Century, 38.1-billion investment made
The goals of Phase 1 and 2 were as follows: expansion and reorganization of stations and branch/dispatched stations, workforce reinforcement to handle increased quarantine volume, fulmination facilities for facilities and equipments modernization, securing of advanced equipments and independent office building, construction of basis for quarantine computerization, improvement of pests control system and reinforcement of the imported plants management system. The goals of Phase 3 were: extensive preparation of software to ensure quarantine capabilities and expertise of plant disease prevention officers and making investments in hardware such as quarantine organization, workforce, facilities and equipments to satisfy the demand The total investment made during Phases 1~3 was 53.4 billion KRW. 29% of the amount went to quarantine facilities (15.4 billion), 32% went to quarantine equipments (17.2 billion) and 39% went to research and other projects (20.8 billion)
2. Goals and Direction of Implementation
The basic goal of the animal and plant quarantine function reinforcement project was to elevate the level of animal quarantine to that of the developed countries. The level of precision inspection of microorganisms and contagious disease diagnosis at the time of completion of Phase 2 in 1998 was diagnosed to be 60~70% of that of Japan. Accordingly, the government set the goal of achieving 100% workforce, facilities and equipments by 2000 and 80% expertise and technological advancement by the same year. In addition, the main direction for the reinforcement policy included 1) improvement of quarantine regulations and systems, 2) modernization and expansion of quarantine facilities, 4) reinforcement of quarantine workforce expertise, 6) information of animal quarantine and 7) reinforcement of cooperation with outside organizations. Key implementation strategies are shown in the table below. ##MORE_LAYER_BOX##
3. Implementation System for Strategy Fulfillment
As for the implementation system, the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fishery under took establishment of the 5-year Plan for New Agricultural Administration, enactment of relevant laws and external cooperation with related departments. And the National Animal Quarantine Station and the National Plant Quarantine Station took over specific implementation of each project areas: organization and organization reinforcement, facilities and equipments expansion, securing and training of expert personnel and computerization.