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Specific Implementation of Project Task

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Specific Implementation of Project Task06



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Title Specific Implementation of Project Task
Similar Titles
Material Type Report
Date 2015
Language Korean
File Type Theme
Subject Industry and Technology < Agriculture
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Abstract

Sub-Theme 3 |Specific Implementation of Project Task





1. Adoption & Revision of Quarantine Systems: ##LINK_POPUP_MINI##Harmonization of Quarantine Systems with International Regulations##MAINTITLE: More detail##TITLE: Note##CONTENT:Criteria for animal and plant quarantine went through major changes after the SPS Agreement of WTO was made in 1995. In other words, animal and plant quarantine belongs to the authority of the state, but it should be handled in accordance with the international laws based on scientific justification. After the WTO regime began in 1995, the SPS Agreement took effect, which allowed each country to take scientifically justified actions to protect its people, animals and plants, as exception to the GATT.##LINK_POPUP_MINI_END##Including WTO/SPS Agreement



[Animal Quarantine]



The single most important international organization in the field of animal / livestock product quarantine is WOAH (World Organization for Animal Health, also known as ##3D_LAYER##OIE).##3D_TEXT: Website##3D_LINK:http://www.oie.int##3D_LAYER_END##

And sanitation criteria for livestock products such as beef is established by the Codex Alimentarius Commission (##3D_LAYER##CODEX##3D_TEXT: Website##3D_LINK:http://www.fao.org/fao-who-codexalimentarius##3D_LAYER_END##). As the SPS Agreement took effect in 1995, the criteria and rules contained therein were adopted as the international standards for animal quarantine and livestock products sanitation, which each member was required to adopt.



[Plant Quarantine]



The International Plant Protection Convention (##3D_LAYER##IPPC##3D_TEXT: Website##3D_LINK:http://www.ippc.int/##3D_LAYER_END##) is a convention operated by the Food and Agriculture Organization under the UN, enacted in 1951 and effectuated in 1952. It is one of the most important international organizations in the field of plant quarantine. South Korea jointed IPPC in 1952. IPPC is a large-scale international organization with 181 members, established under the purpose of preventing inflow and expansion of diseases/pests affecting plants.





2. Reinforcement of quarantine organization, workforce, facilities and equipments



[Animal Quarantine] : Implementation of 6-phase Project (1992~2012)



Phase 1 of the Animal Quarantine Function Reinforcement Project was implemented as a part of the 5-year Plan for New Agricultural Administration by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fishery, in response to expansion of free trade of agricultural products. Its purpose was to reinforce hardware and software that had been relatively lacking. ##MORE_LAYER_BOX##The Phase 2 through 6 Project was implemented when the WTO regime began accelerated the proliferation of free trade in 1995, and the WTO/SPS Agreement took effect, rising as the core of conflicts surrounding animal and plant quarantine. At the time, a new system needed to be built to account for surfacing of new environment challenges, with new changes in the quarantine environment as evidenced by negotiation on agricultural trade under the new multi-lateral trade negotiation system, DDA/FTA.##MORE_LAYER_BOX_END##





[Plant Quarantine] : Expansion of Plant Quarantine Organization, Workforce and Equipments



The National Plant Quarantine Station, founded in 1978, was promoted to the National Plant Quarantine Agency in 2007. And the Agricultural and Fishery Quarantine Agency was established as an organization to supervise all matters related with animals and plants and fishery products quarantine, during government reorganization in June 2011. And the Plant Quarantine Division consisted of plant quarantine department, export support department, risk management department and disaster prevention departments. 

As for plant quarantine workforce, special recruitment in the agriculture area was implemented starting from 1996 to enhance expertise of the workforce, and the researcher position was introduced in 1999 to further enhance the expertise of the organization. 





3. Training of Quarantine Experts



Through overseas training for animal quarantine, experts in various fields were trained including administrative reform, international cooperation and precision inspection system. In order to acquire required technologies, employees of quarantine agencies were dispatched to overseas research institutes (for 6 to 12 months), to acquire advanced quarantine system through a short or long-term overseas technological training.



Overseas training for employees began in 1963, to foster experts in each field of plant quarantine. As a part of the UNDP ‘Project for Plant Quarantine Reinforcement in South Korea’ (1988~1989), employees were given the opportunity to receive training on pest classification, quarantine systems and facilities at overseas agencies. And 4 plant quarantine experts were invited from overseas to provide technological training on pest classification and other matters, followed by pest investigation on major fruit trees and report publication. 





4. Construction of Quarantine Computerization and Information System



The Korea Animal Quarantine Information System (##LINK_POPUP##KAQIS##MAINTITLE: More detail##TITLE: [Operating System for Animal/Livestock Products Quarantine Information System]##CONTENT:  ##LINK_POPUP_END##) began as a system for handling civil complaints for quarantine request and quarantine certificate issuance. It was developed in 1995 and began operation in 1996. Later, the Automated Import Information System (AIIS) was introduced to eradicate any wrong handling of quarantine works. And starting from 1998, quarantine results were transmitted to Korea Customs Service through Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) to proceed with the customs procedure, which greatly improve convenience of the complainants. 



QIPS reinforces customer service by improving efficiency of export/import quarantine work and providing various information. The 6 computer system completed from 2004 to 2007 enabled one-stop processing of the process from inspection request to export/import permit by simply submitting inspection requests: this system was made into a brand named QIPS, the Quarantine Inspection Process System.





5. Scientification of Quarantine Methods through Adoption of Import ##LINK_POPUP_MINI##Risk Assessment System.##MAINTITLE: More detail##TITLE: Note##CONTENT:Import risk analysis involves assessing the risks that may be caused by animal / import trade between countries, and collecting and assessing information so as to establish appropriate measures to minimize such risks when they exceed the scope tolerable by the importing country. Such analysis is mostly performed in developed countries.##LINK_POPUP_MINI_END##



[Risk assessment of Animal Quarantine]



 Import risk assessment in South Korea consists of 8 stages, ##MORE_LAYER_BOX##

 
[Eight Stages of Import Risk Analysis]


 



##MORE_LAYER_BOX_END## including request for import permission by exporting country, data review, local inspection, etc.



[Pest Risk Assessment for Plant Quarantine]



After effectuation of the WTO/SPS Agreement in January 1995, the SPS Agreement and FAO/IPPC Agreement specifically provided for diseases/pests risk analysis. According to the outcome of the 28th FAO Conference held in November 1995, diseases/pests risk analysis consists of the three phases ##MORE_LAYER_BOX## 

 
[Diagram of Three-stage Procedure for Diseases/Pests Risk Analysis]

 


##MORE_LAYER_BOX_END## of initiation, risk assessment and risk management. The initiation phase verifies diseases/pests and their pathways. The risk assessment phase assesses whether the diseases/pests should be subject to quarantine and whether they are economically significant. The risk management phase develops, evaluates, compares and selects alternatives to reduce the risks. 







6. Enhancement of Quarantine Efficiency through Adoption of Quarantine Detection Dogs, etc.



FMD and HPAI outbreaks continued in surrounding countries, and alarmingly large number of tourists, workers and trainees began to enter South Korea from those countries. These changes led to adoption of the ##LINK_POPUP##quarantine detection dogs##MAINTITLE:##TITLE: [Adoption of Quarantine Detection Dogs, etc.]##CONTENT: ##LINK_POPUP_END## More detail system, which satisfied the need for radical changes in the existing quarantine methods relying on voluntary report from travellers.