Sub-Theme 2 | Resolution of doctorless village
There was also an intensive effort by the government to appoint physicians to each ##3D_LAYER## town and subcounty.##3D_TEXT:Town (eup) and subcounty (myeon): These two government administrative districts, towns and subcounties, are smaller divisions of counties (gun).##3D_LAYER_END## One of the main concerns in the 1960s and 70s after the Korean War ended was relieving areas where there were no doctors stationed. The first policy attempted was commissioning a practitioner in private practice as the community doctor and the director of the community health clinic. The head of the ##3D_LAYER## county ##3D_TEXT:County (gun): This government administrative district encompasses multiple towns (eup) and subcounties (myeon), and generally denote less densely populated areas than city.##3D_LAYER_END## commissioned certain physicians in private practice to be public doctors during the period from the 1960s to the 80s, including many ##3D_LAYER## geographically restricted doctors.##3D_TEXT:Geographically restricted doctor: Under current medical law, physicians who were educated during the Japanese colonial period (before 1945) or who were educated in North Korea hold a license that restricts their medical practice to certain geographical areas.##3D_LAYER_END## An effort was also made to alleviate the conditions in rural areas where no doctors were present. This was done in two ways. One was a six month specialized residency training program in health institutions in rural areas in 1972. The other was a program in 1976 to give medical licenses to medical students who had failed the state medical examinations if they worked in a rural area where there were no medical personnel for two years.
In addition, in 1961, regulations pertaining to scholarships for health care personnel were enacted (State Council Law, Section 249). Graduate students studying medicine and public health could receive a scholarship if they worked in a specified area for 2-5 years after graduation. In 1976, the Act on Special Cases for Health Care Scholarships was enacted, which also provided scholarships for medical students. After graduation, the students were appointed to a community health center and branch. Later, nursing students were included in this program, and the government was able to recruit nurses in the same way. Similar ordinances were also enacted at the provincial and local levels, and in this manner a medical workforce was secured. In 1980, the Act on Special Measures for Rural Health Care was enacted, and until the present, it has reliably supplied public health ##3D_LAYER##doctors##3D_TEXT:Doctors, dentists, and oriental medicine doctors (public health doctors) were required to carry out public health work instead of their required military service.##3D_LAYER_END##(such as physicians, dentists, and oriental medicine doctors) to health care centers and their branch offices. In this manner, a variety of laws and an institutional strategy were developed in order to address the rural areas and areas where no doctors were stationed. As a result, since 1983, no areas have been without doctors. On the basis of these efforts, physicians working in health centers provided preliminary checkups and adequate health counseling for those who were receiving immunizations.
Resolution of doctorless village
|Subject||Social Development < Health|