Sub-Theme 1 | Development process of Korea's employment service
Korea's employment service system has undergone many changes through its industrialization in terms of its organization and role. In the early stage of industrialization (before the 1960s), the labor market was underdeveloped because the differentiation of industry and occupation was not matured. Naturally, the worker and the user engaged in direct transactions and the labor force was distributed. In this period, there were many simple jobs that did not require special functions or skills, and companies hired workers in a narrow area including the family labor force. Self-sufficiency was provided within a narrow supply-demand area, and the demand for employment services was low.
Through the industrialization stage (1961-1997), it became difficult to supply labor force by means of direct transactions between workers and employers. According to the differentiation of occupation, it became necessary to have a worker who has a job competence and employs a worker suitable for a specific job. Therefore, it became necessary to have employment service system that connects job seekers and employers. It mediated local job seekers and employers in the early days, but as industrialization accelerated, it became important to link to the right place.
Korea's employment service system can be largely divided into the pre-financial crisis (before the end of 1997) and after (after 1998). Prior to the end of 1997, the main focus of Korea 's employment services was focused on how to quickly train and distribute insufficient workforce in industry. During this period, Korea was focused on supply of workforce in the industrial field and labor disputes such as labor imbalance and labor disputes due to rapid industrialization. Therefore, the necessity of establishing employment service network did not arise, and the employment service network was insufficient. The problem of unemployment was personal rather than national-level problem recognition, and the competence of the nation was concentrated on satisfying the insufficient workforce through vocational training.
The necessity of establishing a network of advanced employment services in Korea has grown only until the end of 1997 when the financial crisis began. As mass unemployment occurred at that time, the issue of unemployment that has not been brought to effect by the full employment until now has become a social issue, the concept of lifelong work has disappeared and a new paradigm of lifelong employment has been formed. Since 1995, the employment insurance system has been implemented to solve the problems of high-unemployment and labor market flexibility. The problem of employment has now become a social and national problem in approaching the problem of the individual job seeker, and the employment service network has been promoted in earnest to deal with the job problem at the national level.
A one-stop employment service network has been established to provide employment services such as job placement, career guidance, employment insurance and vocational training guidance in one place by establishing public employment service institutions nationwide. This provides a quicker service to those who are having trouble finding a job. It introduces the job that is suitable for the person in the time, recommends the suitable workers to the company which suffers the recruitment of the staff, and provides the employment service system to hire the early workers through the subsidy etc.
Korea's employment service status is much weaker than in developed countries. Currently, we are continuously developing and developing a new employment service program tailored to the reality of Korea by applying the employment problems experienced in developed countries to Korea.
The actor who plays a key role in Korean public employment service is the Employment Center. In addition to the employment centers, the job centers in the municipalities provide public employment services. The relationship between public employment service and private employment service is a collaborative relationship through contract-out providers at the same time as the supervision function of private employment service.
Employment Centers are established as part of the local administrative offices of ##3D_LAYER##the Ministry of Employment and Labor.##3D_TEXT: Website##3D_LINK:http://www.moel.go.kr/english/main.jsp##3D_LAYER_END## The organizational status of the Employment Center is set up as a subordinate organization belonging to the local department or the local subdivision, which is the local organization of the Ministry of Employment and Labor. It is composed of six cities and provinces such as Seoul, Busan, Daegu, Gyeongin, Gwangju, and Daejeon, It has an employment center under the employment and labor Office (##3D_LAYER##100 employment centers)##3D_TEXT:Website##3D_LINK:http://workplus.go.kr/index.do##3D_LAYER_END##).
In recent years, in order to provide integrated and continuous services for users, regional employment and welfare service organizations will start to operate the Namyangju Employment and Welfare Plus Center in Namyangju city in order to increase the synergy effect through site integration and service linkage. And has established and operates an Employment and Welfare Plus Center in 100 places. In addition to the Employment Center, the organizations participating in the Employment Welfare Plus Center have newly established the Women's job Center (##3D_LAYER##Ministry of Gender Equality and Family##3D_TEXT:Website##3D_LINK:http://www.mogef.go.kr/eng/index.do##3D_LAYER_END##), Veterans Assistance Center (##3D_LAYER##Ministry of Patriots Veterans Affairs##3D_TEXT:Website##3D_LINK:http://english.mpva.go.kr/##3D_LAYER_END##), Citizen's Financial Support Center (##3D_LAYER##Credit Counseling & Recovery Service##3D_TEXT:Website##3D_LINK:https://www.ccrs.or.kr/eng/main.do##3D_LAYER_END##), Job Center (Local Government), Welfare Assistance Team (Local Government) etc.
Private employment services are categorized under the Job Security Act and the Special Act on the Dispatch Worker Protection Act, which are enacted as special laws of the same law. Job placement businesses are divided into search firms (headhunting companies), free and non-free job placement agencies and job information agencies. Non-free job placement agencies are classified as domestic job placement agencies and oversea job placement agencies. The number of private job placement organizations has soared since the deregulation in 1999, as the number of non-free job placement agency was increased from permitting to registration system and free job placement agency from license system to declaration system. Job placement agencies accounted for the highest percentage of all types of private employment services, and their number increased rapidly. However, more than 90% of job placement agencies are temporary and daily workers, such as daily workers in construction, housework assistant and caregivers and they have grown to be small individual businesses, limiting their qualitative growth.
Free job placement agencies provide free services to vulnerable groups in the region and have undertaken projects related to government or local governments. As the budget support of the government departments and the contract-out providers expanded, many of the related projects were contracted out and operated, and services were provided mainly to the vulnerable groups such as women, middle-aged and disabled people. Job information providers are increasing their job portal site occupies a large portion of the total sales. Since the double businesses of the privet job placement agency and job information agency is allowed, sales of top 5 ~ 6 companies of job portal sites such as ##3D_LAYER##JobKorea##3D_TEXT:Website##3D_LINK:https://www.jobkorea.co.kr/##3D_LAYER_END##,##3D_LAYER##Saramin,##3D_TEXT:Website##3D_LINK:https://www.saramin.co.kr##3D_LAYER_END## etc.
Development process of Korea employment service
|Subject||Social Development < Employment|