The scheme of public employment service delivery in Korea is as follows.##MORE_LAYER_BOX##
[Public Employment Service Delivery System]
ILO (Internal Labor Organization, 2001) defines public employment services as the organization of public offices that provide job referrals, labor market information, labor market adaptation programs, and unemployment benefits. Actors who play a key role in Korea is public employment services, and the local government (job center) provides public employment services. In addition, the relationship of private employment services has a cooperative relationship through guidance and supervision and through contract-out providers.
In the public employment service delivery system, the Employment Center is located as a local organization of the central government (Ministry of Employment and Labor) and has the characteristics that the head of the agency and its employees are deployed through the rotation of the headquarters. Public employment services also include job placement services provided by job centers of local governments.
The laws regulating public employment services include the Employment Policy Basic Act,##MORE_LAYER_BOX##The Employment Policy Basic Act stipulates that the policies of the employment policy shall be comprehensively established and enforced so that individual citizens can develop and demonstrate their abilities to the fullest extent and strive to balance the efficiency of the labor market with the supply and demand of labor. The purpose of this project is to improve the economic and social status of workers and contribute to the balanced development of the national economy and society "(Article 1 of the Employment Policy Act). In this way, it provides general employment policies such as job placement, career guidance, collection and provision of employment information, training of vocational ability development, improvement of employment management and stabilization of employment, establishment of public employment service institutions and Korea Employment Information Service.##MORE_LAYER_BOX_END## the Job Security Act,##MORE_LAYER_BOX##The Job Security Act provides the opportunity for workers to work in jobs where they can develop and demonstrate their abilities, and the government and the private sector cooperate to support the smooth supply of labor needed in each industry, (Article 1 of Job Security Act), and provide employment services such as job placement, job guidance, labor market information, and employment centers.##MORE_LAYER_BOX_END## Employment insurance law##MORE_LAYER_BOX##The Employment Insurance Act is an employment insurance law that encompasses unemployment benefits as well as job security and job skills. Among them, the Basic Law on Employment Policy is the institutional basis for defining the basic directions of employment policy. And the Job Security Act and the Employment Insurance Act provide the public employment service and the employment insurance for consultation respectively. ##MORE_LAYER_BOX_END##etc. The main law that stipulates the employment services of employment centers in Korea is the Job Security Act, but its main business is the employment insurance business, so Korean public employment service is closely related to employment insurance.
In the past, most of the OECD countries were public service agencies (public and local governments) and private institutions (nonprofit private and commercial enterprises) And the private sector was dominated by a dichotomy dedicated to private employment services.
In recent years, simple dichotomy has become meaningless as government reforms have begun to contract out a large proportion of public employment services to private agencies in countries such as Australia and the Netherlands. In Korea, on the other hand, the deregulation of the private employment service market is proceeding, and on the other hand, as the number of cases where some work of public employment service is contracted out to private institutions (non-profit private agencies and commercial enterprises) In order to construct an efficient system to deliver the efficient service system, most of the developed countries have formed a variety of governance system suitable for the country 's environment through cooperation with some contract-out providers or municipalities.
The delivery system of the employment service in Korea is operated by ① the employment center ② the municipal job center ③ the vocational career education service of the school ④ the private employment service institution.##MORE_LAYER_BOX##
Korea Institute of Maritime & Fisheries Technology
Job Center, Ministry of Patriots & Veterans Affairs
Job Center, Ministry of National Defense
Women's job Center (Ministry of Gender Equality and
|National Citizens, Foreigners|
Women discontinued career
|Public Institutions||Job Center, Human Resources Development Service of Korea|
Korea Employment Agency for the Disabled
Job Center, Korea Industrial Complex Corp
Human Resource Bank, Small & Medium Business Corporation
|Technician (incl. Foreigner)|
|Job (Information) Center, Province|
Job Matching Center for the Aged
|School||College & School Job Center||Students|
|Private Agency||Free & Non-Free Job Agency|
Job Information Provision Company
|National Citizens & Some Vulnerable Group|
In terms of quality, it is improving the quality of employment support services by introducing customized employment support system, expanding employment support program, and establishing evaluation system. As an effort to expand the scope of public employment services, it is strengthening the capacity of municipalities, schools and private employment service organizations, and is expanding employment support services especially for vulnerable groups.
The main business of the employment center is divided into the employment service business and the employment insurance business. Employment services include job placement, job guidance, and employment services such as career development for the unemployed, while the employment insurance business includes unemployment allowances, employment stabilization, and vocational skills development for employees. ##MORE_LAYER_BOX## In addition to paying unemployment benefits to unemployed people as in traditional unemployment insurance, the employment insurance system also includes active labor market policy instruments that minimize unemployment in the restructuring process and promote the development of worker skills. The three main businesses of the employment insurance for the purpose of this purpose are employment stabilization business, vocational ability development business, and unemployment benefit business. Here, unemployment benefit business and vocational ability development business are unemployment insurance and vocational training business in the normal sense, and employment stabilization business minimizes unemployment by restructuring of company due to technological change, industrial structure change. ##MORE_LAYER_BOX_END##
Private employment services are employment services provided by private entities, which are broadly categorized in a variety of ways, since a single entity may perform various tasks. The ILO divided employment service into five categories ##MORE_LAYER_BOX##①a labor-supply and demand broker, ②a type of company that has a triangular relationship between employers, workers, and private employment services, ③professional people search or career counseling support company, ④a private employment service, ⑤other providers. ##MORE_LAYER_BOX_END## in this case.
Korean private employment services are categorized as job (information) placement business and dispatched business. Job placement agencies are divided into search firms (headhunting companies) and free or non-free job placement agencies. non-free job placement agencies are classified as domestic job placement agencies and overseas job placement agencies.
In addition, as part of the advancement of employment services, the government has set up a partnership with public and private sectors to expand the vulnerable Infrastructure and programs of the public sector. And also, the government have been carrying out a 'private contract-out project ' ##MORE_LAYER_BOX##There are 15 projects of private contract-outs: employment success package business, vulnerable class employment support business, elderly person talent bank, senior professional employment center, outplacement support project, psychological stability support program, group counseling program insourcing, college youth employment center, small and medium-sized enterprise job search, and job fair. ##MORE_LAYER_BOX_END## since 2006 in order to form an advanced private market through cooperation and support for the private sector.
The private contract-out providers have chosen to contract out some of its public employment services to competent private agencies in order to seek development through partnerships with private employment services. The private employment service industry is fostering through the private contract-out providers and it is continuously investing to solve the problem of the lack of public employment service infrastructure.