First, the job placement system is defined as a system (referred to in Article 4 (2) of the Job Security Act) that arranges for the establishment of an employment contract between a job seeker and a employer by applying for a job offer or job applicant. It refers to activities that allow the selection of the job that best suits the ability of the job seeker and the provision of appropriate worker to the employer. This will ensure that employment arrangements at local public employment service institutions will facilitate the supply and demand of labor in the region, contributing to the development of local communities and the national economy.
The function of job placement can at first reduce the cost and time required for matching supply and demand in the labor market, and reduce the problems caused by the inconsistency between demand and supply in the process. Second, it grasps the demand and supply trend of manpower and delivers it to job seekers and employers, thereby reducing frictional unemployment or temporary excess demand of labor force in advance. In particular, it can support the smooth movement of labor force by organically linking each labor market divided into regions, industries, and occupations. Third, mutual losses due to incomplete selection between the job seeker and the employer can be prevented in advance.
Job placement provide employment support suitable for a variety of job seekers to help them become a job. Various job support services are provided depending on the characteristics of job seekers. ##MORE_LAYER_BOX##
①Unemployed: Provide support for career guidance, career counseling, job placement, labor market information, active labor market policy program counseling and guidance, and unemployment benefits (new unemployed: new entrants to the labor market, re-entry, and former unemployed: voluntary unemployed Involuntary unemployed (dismissal, striker, etc.))
② Employed workers: Supports smooth movement to other workplaces.
③ New school graduates and students at all levels: Facilitate school-to-work transition from school to labor market through career guidance, career counseling, job placement, and provision of labor market information.
④ Incomplete workers (non-regular workers, workers engaged in labor-intensive businesses subject to technological change, persons with disabilities, defectors, basic livelihood recipients, and those in the second tier, etc.): Provide support for moving to better stable jobs through career guidance, job counseling, job placement, labor market information, and active labor market policy program counseling and guidance.
⑤ Provide employment support for eliminating the obstacles to employment in the struggling class (basic livelihood recipients, women who have lost their careers due to childbirth and childcare, persons with disabilities, etc.).
⑥ Inactive population with working ability: leads career guidance, job counseling, providing labor market information, and labor market participation.
⑦ Social security benefits recipients with the ability to work: encourage employment through participation in an active labor market policy program. ##MORE_LAYER_BOX_END## To help recruiting companies recruit the necessary personnel, a variety of services tailored to job demand are provided. ##MORE_LAYER_BOX##
① Job offer services, human resource management consultation, employee career development consultation and support
② Support the training of vocational skills development training, job creation, employment adjustment, employment promotion, to report to the insured and to hire foreign workers, to support for businesses such as maternity protection consultation that companies can utilize during the employment insurance business
③ Supporting training costs for employers conducting vocational training and vocational training for jobseekers
④ Wage and job system flexibility consultation and support
⑤ Support for the Employment Permit System for Foreigners etc. ##MORE_LAYER_BOX_END## The procedures for direct registration and counseling and certification are basically as follows ① ##3D_LAYER##Visit the Job Center##3D_TEXT:Job seekers and recruiters visit the job center.##3D_LAYER_END## ② Basic Counseling ##MORE_LAYER_BOX##Through the basic counseling, the basic information such as the purpose of visit, job seekers, personal information, and job position of the job seekers are grasped, and the job search table or the recruiting sheet is made through the separate form used in the job center. There are many cases where the application forms are not provided separately depending on the situation of the job center. However, use the schedule form considering that the accuracy of the information and the appointment can be improved and the evidence for the problem solving process.##MORE_LAYER_BOX_END## ③ Review and Registration for Job seeking and Employing ##MORE_LAYER_BOX## The job counselor will carefully review and confirm the application form, which is required for job search and job placement, to be filled in the application form prepared by the job applicant.
When reviewing a job application and receive a job application, you must conform identification verified as national ID card, driver's license, passport etc. If you are under the age of 15 to 18, you must obtain a parental or guardian's written consent to work. When reviewing a recruiting application, minimum wages should be confirmed as the minimum wage law is extended to one or more employees.##MORE_LAYER_BOX_END## ④ Job Seeking and Employing Counseling ##MORE_LAYER_BOX## Basic consultation to check the purpose of the visit, the job seeker's personal information, and the job offer company. Based on job application and recruiting application, provide specific counseling on the requirements of job seekers. Get additional information to place jobs that are suitable for job seekers, to find suitable job seekers for employers.##MORE_LAYER_BOX_END## ⑤ ##3D_LAYER## Job Placement for Job seeker and Employer##3D_TEXT:With the information obtained through consultation, it is possible to arrange suitable jobs for job seekers and suitable job seekers for employers##3D_LAYER_END## ⑥ Confirm employment or hiring ##MORE_LAYER_BOX## After job placement, interviews will be conducted through phone calls or face-to-face interviews between job seekers and recruiters. The job center will have a reasonable period of time to check whether the job applicant is employed or not. The deadline for the job application or recruiting application will be reached or the job placement will be made continuously through re counseling. ##MORE_LAYER_BOX_END## done in order. ##MORE_LAYER_BOX##
[Job Placement Procedure]
These procedures are conducted through job center visits by job seekers or recruiters, but also through the Internet(Work-net : work.go.kr). ##MORE_LAYER_BOX## Work-net (work.go.kr) is a comprehensive employment information network run by the Ministry of Employment and Labor and the Korea Employment Information Service, providing job information and employment counseling and support services. Employment centers, municipal job centers, and private contracting organizations are connected to the network(work-net).##MORE_LAYER_BOX_END##
Second, the successful employment package provides an integrated employment assistance program ranging from 'diagnosis and path setting → motivation and competence development → Intensive job placement' according to the individual employment support plan for the low-income employment vulnerable classes. It is also a comprehensive employment service that systematically supports the entry of labor market by paying 'Employment Success Allowance' when they are employed. However, depending on the characteristics of the job seekers, they can be carried out either at the employment center themselves or by assigning them to contract-out providers.
Participants of the successful employment package are classified as Type Ⅰ and Ⅱ, and type Ⅰ is third level from the lowest income bracket and below, homeless, defectors from N. Korea, (ex) prisoner, marriage-immigrants. Youth at-risk, participants of credit repair program, and non-dwellings residence. Type II participants are unemployed people with high-school diplomat and below, long-term youth unemployed (at least six months), NEET(Not in Education, Employment or Training) and other youth.
In the selection process, it is necessary to find the participants in the employment center (check the requirements), conduct the profiling of the job competency according to the target person, and submit it to the contract-out provider. And the Employment Capacity Assessment Items is evaluated (profiling) ##MORE_LAYER_BOX##Employment Capacity Assessment Items: Depending on the age, education level, non-employment period, career experience, experience in participating in the training, duration of the insurance, and related qualifications, A, B, C, D are classified into 4 categories. And the A, B, C which is unfavorable to employment conditions are assigned to the contract-out providers.##MORE_LAYER_BOX_END## by each participant and assigned to the contract-out provider.
The main support contents of the employment successful package are as follows : diagnosis and career path plan set-up in the first stage are serviced according to ① client counselling ##MORE_LAYER_BOX##① Individual counselling is conducted for 4-6 weeks with the aim of establishing a 'employment assistance plan' for each individual. ② The group counseling program is conducted 24 hours (4 days). ③ Proceed with presentation of successful cases of employment for those who completed the program. ##MORE_LAYER_BOX_END## ② classification the type of Participants ##MORE_LAYER_BOX## There are four types of classification based on 'Job Capacity' and 'Motivation'. It is categorized by using objective data such as age, education, career, qualification, physical characteristics, preference of job and working condition, and the degree of wishing employment.##MORE_LAYER_BOX_END## ③ counseling strategy and assistance direction by each type ##MORE_LAYER_BOX##
[Assistance Contents by Participant’s type]
|A||High C Low M||ㅇ Participant without Career Plan|
- Due to long-term unemployment, business failure, family break-up, lack of job information
ㅇ Purpose of Consultation:
- Reducing anxiety, depression, and uncertainty
- Promoting positive self-reliance and recovering self-confidence
- Objective Assessment of personal capacity
|B||High M Low C||ㅇ Participants without job seeking skills and job capacity|
- Diagnosis of basic job skills, work capability, job seeking skills for improving a specific skills
- Most of career break-up female, youth without job experience, middle-age and aged, marriage-immigrants are lack of ‘basic job skills’
※ Low level of education had led lack of social experience opportunity
|C||High M Low M||ㅇ Focused Job Matching Subjects|
- Employment assistance to those who lack of job information and understanding of assistance program
- Providing information and incentive (employment promotion incentive, incentive for successfully employed)
|D||High C Low C||ㅇ Hardest type of participants to provide job information and job matching service|
- people with psychological (emotional) issues
- training is required
ㅇ Large amount of help is needed but often not effective
※ Many participants of the package program (often, participants with conditions) belong to this type
- Majority of people in this type avoid self-help or only have interested in maintaining qualification for allowance or for vocational training
##MORE_LAYER_BOX_END## ④ establishment of individual employment assistance plan. ##MORE_LAYER_BOX## Establish an job support plan that reflects individual characteristics in consideration of intensive (individual and group) counseling and vocational psychological test results: Set up a 2-step plan such as participating in vocational training, and setting up a career (job search).##MORE_LAYER_BOX_END##
The motivation and competence development in the second stage are promoted the two-step program (participation in vocational training, ##MORE_LAYER_BOX##Participation in vocational training(hrd.go.kr): Wish to participate in training courses and in consideration of the characteristics suitable training courses to provide information, recommendations to improve the employment competencies.##MORE_LAYER_BOX_END## workplace motivation, and entrepreneurship support ##MORE_LAYER_BOX##Workplace motivation to raise employment through job experience and learn basic skills necessary for the purpose of temporary jobs or intern and entrepreneurship support: hope that the process of job participation from volunteers who provide temporary or inter jobs. Small Business Support Center supported in the hope that the participation of subjects 'entrepreneurship' process, 'incubator' (success) participation in a support package entrepreneurship support. ##MORE_LAYER_BOX_END## etc.) in accordance with the contents of the individual action plan. As a general rule, the Assistance allowance for training is, in principle, limited to 2 billion KRW but for Type I participants, it is limited to 3 billion KRW.
Intensive Job placement in the third stage refers to the intensive job placement ##MORE_LAYER_BOX##Job Placement: individual employment plan and the 'real motivation. Ability to promote the details of the process of participation in the program is a personalized job placement conducted by considering the history. ##MORE_LAYER_BOX_END## for participants who have completed stage 1, 2. In addition, taking into account the characteristics of the participant's personality, they are provided with a general job placement and 'accompanying interview'.
Third, among unemployed people, unemployment allowance recipients are recognized for unemployment as well as providing reemployment assistance services (issues related to unemployment recognition and reemployment assistance) to promote ##3D_LAYER##active labor market policies.##3D_TEXT:Refer to ei.go.kr (Korean) ##3D_LINK:https://www.ei.go.kr##3D_LAYER_END##
The term “unemployment” in the Employment Insurance Act means the situation in which a person remains unemployed in spite of the fact that he/she has the will ##MORE_LAYER_BOX## The term “the will to work” means the active intention to be employed, including job seeking registration to Employment Center and responding to job placement and vocational guidance. Individual “re-employment activity” also considered as having working intention. The “re-employment activity” means the activity of the recipient of unemployment allowance for re-employment such as job seeking activity, self-employed preparation, taking vocational training course, and participating vocational guidance. ##MORE_LAYER_BOX_END## and ability ##MORE_LAYER_BOX## The term “ability to work” means the mental, physical, and environmental capacity to provide labor for earning an income. The assessment of the capacity is evaluated by comprehensive assessment of personal health, knowledge, role, and living environment. And the unemployed status means the status of not employed although personal and local labor offices efforts were not effective to be employed.##MORE_LAYER_BOX_END## to work(Article 2-2, Employment Insurance Act). And the term “employment” means the situation in which a person provides labors by contract, subcontract, or contracting-out regardless actual amount of income or self-employed (Article 2-1-6, Regulation on Unemployment Recognition and re-employment assistance).
Unemployment allowance through employment insurance has the purpose of implementing ‘active labor market policy’ in order to provide effective re-employment service through Employment Center to the beneficiary of the allowance. It is different from passive unemployment allowance which does not test the job activity of the unemployed whether they have intentions to participate labor market.
Therefore, the Employment Center recognizes ##MORE_LAYER_BOX## The term “recognition of unemployment” means that the head of an Employment Center recognizes that an eligible recipient prescribed in Article 43 of the Employment Insurance Act is actively engaging in finding jobs during unemployment. The recognition of unemployment program is a procedure to verify whether the unemployment allowance recipients were actively looked for jobs through re-employment activity but in a state of unemployment. Since the purpose of unemployment allowance lies in the assistance of re-employment, this process is applied. ##MORE_LAYER_BOX_END## unemployment during their duration of allowance reimbursement and at the same time assists re-employment. ##MORE_LAYER_BOX## The term “re-employment assistance” means assistance programs of Employment Center in order to re-employ of the unemployment recipient. It includes assistance of setting up employment activity plan, job placement, vocational guidance, and information provision of job capacity training. ##MORE_LAYER_BOX_END## If necessary, proper measures such as guiding ##MORE_LAYER_BOX## The term “direction such as vocational training” means activity of the Employment Center which directs the unemployment recipient to participate vocational training course or vocational guidance. ##MORE_LAYER_BOX_END## vocational training and development of vocational skills need to be supported for their re-employment.
Looking at the procedures for recognizing unemployment and assisting re-employment, the Director of the Employment Center will designate a staff in charge of unemployment recognition and re-employment assistance services (matters concerning recognition of unemployment and assistance for re-employment). The unemployment recognition service ##MORE_LAYER_BOX##
① Verification of application for unemployment recognition and job seeking registration
② Confirmation whether the recipient visited the Employment Center in a designated date and their duration of allowance
③ Reimbursement bank account confirmation
④ Verification of employment during the duration of unemployment allowance
⑤ Verification of active job seeking activity during the period of unemployment recognition
⑥ Next date of unemployment recognition update
⑦ Explanation of exceptional procedure of unemployment recognition and allowance for residence of Islands area
⑧ Data input of unemployment recognition application form
⑨ No-Show management ##MORE_LAYER_BOX_END## and the reemployment assistance service ##MORE_LAYER_BOX##
① Information provision on re-employment assistance program and services.
② Review of individual plan of re-employment
③ Data input to Work-net about the recipient’s records such as work experience
④ Information provision for re-employment of the recipients
⑤ Information provision on re-employment activity required by the recipients
⑥ Confirmation of reasons not allowing the job-seeking allowance
⑦ Job seeking or offering conditions adjustment
⑧ Hiring Information Gathering ##MORE_LAYER_BOX_END## of the staff in charge are closely related to the unemployment recognition and the reemployment assistance. The unemployment allowance recipient is explained to the Employment Centers which are necessary for re-employment such as job placement, job guidance, vocational training guidance, provided detailed guidance on unemployment allowance schemes and procedures such as unemployment recognition method, employment promotion allowance, and illegal receipt. The Employment Centers should actively make efforts to provide reemployment assistance such as job counseling and job guidance in the early stage of unemployment so that the recipient can get reemployment early.
The staffs follow the following procedure for Unemployment Recognition and Re-employment Assistance tasks.
1) In the date of unemployment registration, initial consultation, provision of information on re-employment assistance program and unemployment allowance are conducted.
2) Preparation of personal analysis of the recipients for setting up their re-employment activity and classifying their type between the date of registration and the first unemployment recognition date.
3) At the date of first unemployment recognition date (2 weeks after registration), setting up personal plan and classifying the recipient.
4) After the first unemployment recognition date, flexibly specifying the date of unemployment recognition.
5) After 14 weeks after the unemployment registration, in-depth consultation is conducted and reviews personal plan.