As of 2000 when the Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) ##MORE_LAYER_BOX##
The Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) are a type of the transport system which aims automated and scientific management and operation of the transport system and improved efficiency and safety of the traffic by introducing electronic control systems, communications technologies, and other advanced technologies to different modes of transport and traffic facilities and by utilizing traffic-related information.
[Conceptual Design of the ITS]
##MORE_LAYER_BOX_END## was widely introduced, road traffic congestion costs were 19 trillion and 448.2 billion KRW, a 2 trillion KRW rise compared to those of the previous year, the number of injuries or deaths due to traffic-related accidents was 350,000, the social costs related to traffic accidents were 11 trillion KRW, and the social costs related to air pollution caused by vehicles were 1.6 trillion KRW (estimated).
To deal with these issues, the Korean government began to consider the introduction of an ITS and estimated that the System would reduce road traffic congestion costs of 4.59 trillion KRW, 30% of traffic-related accidents, and 10% of air pollution caused by vehicles.
1. Improvement in Traffic Congestion
In 2000, when the introduction of the ITS was in progress, an increasing number of vehicles caused heavy traffic congestion in major urban areas. To minimize delay in the movement of vehicles and improve traffic flow on crossroads, the government adopted a system that allows traffic signs to change according to traffic conditions. Also, to help drivers take detours to avoid congestion, the government provided drivers with traffic information through variable-message signs and the Internet.
By providing the most appropriate traffic information to drivers, the government reduced each driver’s driving time and cost, which led to nationwide reduction in traffic congest ion costs. The ITS also facilitates quick response to emergency situations, which led to minimization of non-repetitive traffic congestion. Improvement in traffic congestion due to adopting the ITS resulted in 11.8 trillion KRW worth of social benefits (on a yearly basis) and helped to the increase the average traffic speed on roads by 15%~20%.
In conclusion, the cost to adopt the ITS was only 1% of the expense to build a four-lane national highway, but it resulted in 20% reduction of traffic congestion.
2. Improvement in Road Safety
The number of traffic accidents in Korea has steadily increased in line with the growing number of privately owned vehicles. As a result, the Korean government established a system that effectively detected vehicles that violate traffic regulations as a means to guarantee safe driving, and to swiftly respond to emergency situations for the prevention of collateral accidents.
By warning drivers in advance about risk elements and using automatic avoidance of possible accidents, the ITS prevented traffic accidents, and minimized injuries and deaths caused by traffic accidents. By dealing with emergency situations quickly, the Systems reduced the scale of the damage of accidents and prevented collateral accidents. As part of Korea’s ITS, vehicle detectors and CCTVs were installed in major locations on roads; they monitor traffic conditions in real-time and conduct other road safety-related activities such as warning drivers of possible risk elements in advance, dealing with emergency situations, and measuring the speed of vehicles.
The traffic information system, based on the ITS, was established by government agencies such as the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, and Transport,##MORE_LAYER_BOX##
The ministry in charge of the ITS when it was first introduced was the Ministry of Construction and Transportation and the name of the Ministry has changed due to reorganization.
- the Ministry of Construction and Transportation: 1994 to 2008
- the Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs: 2008 to 2013
- the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport: 2013 to now
##MORE_LAYER_BOX_END## Korea Expressway Corporation, and National Police Agency and local governments of 33 cities. The system analyzes traffic information, selects accident-prone areas, and manages these areas.
3. Improvement in Environment
Escalating numbers of privately owned vehicles and heavy traffic congestions resulted in environmental pollution, a very serious social issue that had to be dealt with immediately by the Korean government. Adopting the ITS was a choice of the Korean government; the Systems were to improve traffic flow and prevent speeding, which led to reductions in energy consumption and exhaust gases, and lead to increased public transportation usage, which decreased the use of privately owned vehicles.
The ITS enabled vehicles reduced energy consumption caused by traffic congestion, idling and greenhouse gas emission, which led to greener traffic systems. Korea’s improvement of public transportation systems increased public transportation usage and lowered the use of privately owned vehicles, which led to reductions in travel costs and enhancements of greener modes of transport.
The ITS installed on a national highway of 1,000km cut 19,000 tons of carbon dioxide (on a yearly basis) and those on a national expressway of 1,000km cut 23,000 tons of carbon dioxide (on a yearly basis).
[Types of Information Gathered in the Immunization Registry Information System]
|ATMS||Advanced Transportation Model City project for Jeonju||‘01.11 ~ ‘02.05||9.8 billion||2.9|
|ATMS||Advanced Transportation Model City project for Daejeon||‘01.10 ~ ‘02.09||30 billion||5.2|
|ATMS||Advanced Transportation Model City project for Jeju||‘01.09 ~ ‘02.07||13.9 billion||6.2|
|BIS and Others||ITS establishment project in Suwon||‘04.03 ~ ‘05.10||24.6 billion||5.12|
|BIS and Others||ITS establishment project in Cheonan||‘05.07 ~ ‘07.08||16 billion||3.6|
|BIS and Others||ITS establishment project in Busan||‘09.01 ~ ‘10.08||23.8 billion||3.01|
|UTIS and Others||ITS establishment project in Yongin||‘08.12 ~ ‘10.07||24 billion||2.97|
|ATMS||ATMS establishment project in Namyangju||‘10.01 ~ ‘11.01||4 billion||2.16|
|BIS and Others||ITS establishment project in Ulsan||‘02.11 ~ ‘05.02||20.3 billion||5.46|
|BIS||BIS establishment project covering Namyangju, Gapyeong and Chuncheon||‘12.06 ~ ‘13.03||3.8 billion||1.27|
Source: Reports on preliminary and post assessment of each ITS project