1. Purpose of Program
Vocational skill development training has the following purposes that accord
with the philosophy of the Act: Vocational skill development training programs for the disabled should increase employment and promote job security of the disabled by fostering skilled manpower that corresponds with the demand of companies and the disabled citizens themselves.
2. Employment Rate of the Trainees Who Completes Training
The employment rate of the trainees who took training in one of KEAD’s Vocational Competency Development Centers presented in [Figure 1-1]. The employment rate has risen from 78.8% in 2005 to 90.2% in 2012, and to 91.3% in 2013. The employment rate of the past 3 years is more than 90%, a very high rate.
[Trend of Employment Rate of Vocational Competency Development
Center (for the disabled) (2005~2013)]
3. Ratio of the Severely Disabled Among Trainees
The ratio of the severely disabled among trainees is presented in [Figure 1-2]. Among the trainees who have completed training, the severely disabled were 72.7% in 2005, 66.5% in 2006, 61.5% in 2007, 66.7% in 2008, 66.0% in 2009, 66.8% in 2010, 57.4% in 2011, 64.5% in 2012 and 68.9% in 2013. Considering that the ratio of the severely disabled in the overall disabled population is 32.6% (as of 2013) the average 65.7% participation rate is notably high.
[The Ratio of the Severely Disabled among Disabled Trainees
who Completed Training (2005~2013)]
4. Employment Rate of the Supporting Other Training Institutes
To assess whether the disabled are provided with various opportunities for vocational training, we looked in to the getting-a-job rate of trainees of other training institutes that receive financial support. The result appears in [Figure 1-3]. As of 2013, in the case of individual training expense support, the getting-a-job rate is 38.8%, the rate of private training institutes is 59.0% and the public training institutes (Korea Polytechnics) rate is 76.4% showing that the public institutes do best of all. Private organizations come next and individual training is the last. The annual getting-a-job rate shows continuous increase from all three types of training. Based on these figures, we estimate that the result of the policy to expand the opportunities for vocational training for the disabled is positive.
[Trend of Employment Rate of Supporting
Other Training Institutes (2000~2013)]
5. Assessment of Effectiveness
The result of an assessment on effectiveness of vocational competency development of the disabled is as follows: The disabled who received vocational training are 2.6 times more likely to get a job than those who are not trained ##3D_LAYER##(Jun et al., 2011)##3D_TEXT:Jun, Y.H., Joo, Y.J., Yoo, W.S., Sim, J.Y., Kim, H.J., Lim, S.J., Interim Evaluation on the 3rd 5-Year Plan for Promotion of Employment for the Disabled, EDI, KEAD 2011##3D_LINK:https://www.kdevelopedia.org/Resources/economy/%EC%A0%9C3%EC%B0%A8-%EC%9E%A5%EC%95%A0%EC%9D%B8-%EA%B3%A0%EC%9A%A9%EC%B4%89%EC%A7%84-5%EA%B0%9C%EB%85%84-%EA%B3%84%ED%9A%8D-%EC%A4%91%EA%B0%84%ED%8F%89%EA%B0%80--05201810240150436.do?fldIds=TP_ECO|TP_ECO_GE|TP_ECO_EA|TP_SOC|TP_SOC_EM#.XHzQe4gzaUk##3D_LAYER_END## The Logit method which controls for the variable of time was used for this analysis. The employment effectiveness by training type shows that the disabled who received customized training are 5.1% more likely to be employed than those who received general training ##3D_LAYER##(Nam & Lee, 2013)##3D_TEXT:Nam, Y.H. & Lee, S.W., Evaluation on vocational competency development training for the disabled, EDI, KEAD, 2013##3D_LINK:https://www.kdevelopedia.org/Resources/social-development/%EC%9E%A5%EC%95%A0%EC%9D%B8-%EC%A7%81%EC%97%85%EB%8A%A5%EB%A0%A5%EA%B0%9C%EB%B0%9C%ED%9B%88%EB%A0%A8-%EC%82%AC%EC%97%85%ED%8F%89%EA%B0%80--05201903040151282.do?fldIds=TP_SOC|TP_SOC_GE|TP_SOC_ED|TP_SOC_EM#.XHzTiYgzaUk##3D_LAYER_END##
About the wage-income effect, average wages of the disabled who received vocational training are 13.2% higher than those who have not received vocational training. Also, job satisfaction—a marker of successful employment—of those who received vocational training is 13.2% higher than those who are not trained ##3D_LAYER##(Lee, 2008.)##3D_TEXT:Lee, S.W., Evaluation on Effectiveness of the Vocational Training Program for the Disabled, National Assembly Budget Office, 2008##3D_LINK:https://www.kdevelopedia.org/Resources/social-development/%EC%9E%A5%EC%95%A0%EC%9D%B8-%EC%A7%81%EC%97%85%EB%8A%A5%EB%A0%A5%EA%B0%9C%EB%B0%9C%ED%9B%88%EB%A0%A8%EC%82%AC%EC%97%85%EC%9D%98-%ED%9A%A8%EA%B3%BC%EC%84%B1-%ED%8F%89%EA%B0%80-assessment-effectiveness-occupational-skills-development-training-disabled--05201810240150440.do?fldIds=TP_SOC|TP_SOC_EM##3D_LAYER_END##
Considering those research results, the vocational competency development program for the disabled is estimated to have contributed successfully to the employment of disabled people.