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Institutional Arrangements for evolutionary processes of establishing the Regulatory Reform System

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Institutional Arrangements for evolutionary processes of establishing the Regulatory Reform System06



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Title Institutional Arrangements for evolutionary processes of establishing the Regulatory Reform System
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Material Type Report
Date 2015
Language Korean
File Type Theme
Subject Government and Law < Public Administration
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Abstract

Sub-Theme 1 | Institutional Arrangements for evolutionary processes of establishing the Regulatory Reform System





##3D_LAYER##Entering the 1990s, there was a transition from an authoritative government to democratic government. Hence, the country has pursued transforming bureaucratic administrative regulations and procedures into regulations and procedures that serve the interest of the people and the market.##3D_TEXT:DaeYong Choi and (2014). The Regulatory Reform System and Policy Coordination I Korea: A guillotine Rule of Regulatory Clearance for Economic Crisis Management. KSP Modularization. See p40.##3D_LINK:https://www.kdevelopedia.org/Resources/government-law/regulatory-reform-system-policy-coordination-korea--04201507290139166.do##3D_LAYER_END## When we see the process of establishing the Regulatory Reform System, the first reform initiatives centered on administrative simplification and deregulation by bureaucrats for administrative efficiency and formality. The evolutionary change showed a shift of reform focus from administrative reform to regulatory reform over time.



##3D_LAYER##When the civilian government took office in the 1990s, issues of administrative reform and deregulation took a higher priority to break down authoritarian elements. There were several reform bodies such as the Presidential Commission on Administrative Reform (PCAR), Economic Deregulation Committee, Council on Business Regulations, and Joint Council on Administrative Regulations, revealing a diversified approach to regulatory reform.##3D_TEXT:DaeYong Choi and (2014). The Regulatory Reform System and Policy Coordination I Korea: A guillotine Rule of Regulatory Clearance for Economic Crisis Management. KSP Modularization. See p20 and more in pp40-41.##3D_LINK:https://www.kdevelopedia.org/Resources/government-law/regulatory-reform-system-policy-coordination-korea--04201507290139166.do##3D_LAYER_END## ##3D_LAYER##However,  there  were  institutional  limitations  such  as  the  temporary  and  advisory nature of the agency because its authority was based on a presidential decree. Another limitation had to do with its job scope due to the diversified approach rooted in the division between economic and non-economic matters.##3D_TEXT:DaeYong Choi and (2014). The Regulatory Reform System and Policy Coordination I Korea: A guillotine Rule of Regulatory Clearance for Economic Crisis Management. KSP Modularization. See P20.##3D_LINK:https://www.kdevelopedia.org/Resources/government-law/regulatory-reform-system-policy-coordination-korea--04201507290139166.do##3D_LAYER_END##



To reinforce this limitations the then Prime Minister took the initiative in government legislation in 1997 to institutionalize regulatory reform. ##3D_LAYER##He adopted new and fresh ideas, such as co-chairmanship of the PM and civilian, civilian majority rule, formally regulatory review and registration, and regulatory impact analysis, etc., which have been major components of the regulatory management system.##3D_TEXT:DaeYong Choi and (2014). The Regulatory Reform System and Policy Coordination I Korea: A guillotine Rule of Regulatory Clearance for Economic Crisis Management. KSP Modularization. See pp20-21 and pp 53-57 especially on the institutional design in Box 3-1 p56.##3D_LINK:https://www.kdevelopedia.org/Resources/government-law/regulatory-reform-system-policy-coordination-korea--04201507290139166.do##3D_LAYER_END##



The Regulatory Reform Committee (RRC) based on the enactment of the Basic (Framework) Law for Administrative Regulations, was set up at the critical time of the economic crisis of 1998, which was the result of accumulated reform efforts with trial and error until that time. ##3D_LAYER##The prominent performance by the RRC during between 1998 and 2001 was featured as a guillotine style of regulatory clearance to eliminate existing regulations by half.##3D_TEXT:DaeYong Choi and (2014). The Regulatory Reform System and Policy Coordination I Korea: A guillotine Rule of Regulatory Clearance for Economic Crisis Management. KSP Modularization. See the story in box 5-1, p86.##3D_LINK:https://www.kdevelopedia.org/Resources/government-law/regulatory-reform-system-policy-coordination-korea--04201507290139166.do##3D_LAYER_END## ##3D_LAYER##The reform work by the RRC was well combined with policy coordination roles conducted by the Prime Minister and its office.##3D_TEXT:DaeYong Choi and (2014). The Regulatory Reform System and Policy Coordination I Korea: A guillotine Rule of Regulatory Clearance for Economic Crisis Management. KSP Modularization. See part 3. Policy Coordination and Regulatory Reform System in pp77-79.##3D_LINK:https://www.kdevelopedia.org/Resources/government-law/regulatory-reform-system-policy-coordination-korea--04201507290139166.do##3D_LAYER_END##