1. Performed Strategies for Establishing the GAP System
① Cultivation of GAP Applied Producers
The GAP group certification system (quality control act enforcement regulations were originally published by the quality control committee and put into effect in August 2012) is the certification system in a unit of a GAP production organization and implemented to reduce the burden of producers and farmers.
From the expense aspect, certification examination fees related to soil and water analysis are to be supported by the government, and half of the certification fee is paid for by the government.
From the administrative aspect, the validity of GAP certification was extended from the existing 1-year period to 2 years so as to relieve the burden of having to revise the certification every year (Agricultural Products Quality Control Act, 2012). In addition, GAP certification procedures were integrated, and mandatory submissive documents were reduced.
From the educational aspect, the Agricultural Technology Center was appointed as the GAP certification authority to proceed with the consultation for individual farmers.
[GAP Certification Procedures]
Source: ##3D_LAYER## National Agricultural Products Quality Management Service, 2014.##3D_TEXT: National Agricultural Products Quality Management Service (2014), “GAP certification procedures”, available at http://www.naqs.go.kr/serviceInfo/service_02_04.jsp. Accessed on September 29 2014##3D_LAYER_END##
③ GAP Facilities Improvement and Preparation of Marking Standards
To activate GAP, GAP facilities were expanded and, to supplement the distribution facilities and equipment, support was extended. The system has been revised to be able to mark GAP in the name of the GAP facility handler. In addition, the labeling standard was revised and promoted to display one of the producer’s names or handling facilities.
④ Expansion of Sales and Demand for GAP Certified Agri-food
Supply to the mass markets is possible by combining the GAP logistics system with the GAP distribution centers by facility. As school meals and military supplies are considered a suitable group catering program that demands the level of quality of a GAP certification system.
⑤ Education and Promotion of GAP System
The Consumer’s Union of Korea utilized both online and offline media to advertise GAP such as lectures and flash to create its own materials and distribute them to trainees, consumers, and the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs.
2. Main Contents of GAP system
① GAP Certification Content and Procedures
Determining the eligibility of an individual production farmer or producer group (Act, Article 6, Rule 10) is the job of the GAP certification agent appointed by the president of the agricultural products quality management institute.
The certification standards are covering what are produced and managed in compliance with GAP criteria, what are managed after harvest in the GAP management facilities, and what are registered for traceability.
② GAP Facilities
In order to qualify as a GAP certification marked agri-food, the food should be processed in GAP facilities appointed by the government (National Agricultural Products Quality Management Service). The GAP management facility appointment implies specific standards have been met (organization and manpower, building, workplace, post-harvest management facility, storage facility, transportation /movement equipment, and hygiene management) ##3D_LAYER## (National Agricultural Products Quality Management Service, 2014)##3D_TEXT: National Agricultural Products Quality Management Service (2014), “Promotion plan of support program guideline for GAP certified farmer safety inspection fees in 2014”##3D_LAYER_END##