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Major Content and Operation Experience of the Environmental Charging System

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Major Content and Operation Experience of the Environmental Charging System06



Full Text
Title Major Content and Operation Experience of the Environmental Charging System
Similar Titles
Material Type Report
Date 2015
Language Korean
File Type Theme
Subject Territorial Development < Environment
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Abstract

Sub-Theme 4 | Major Content and Operation Experience of the Environmental Charging System





1. Emission Charging System



Emission charges are divided into basic charges and excess charges. Basic charge is imposed when the business owner emits under the emission standard, and excess charge is imposed when the business owner emits over the emission standard. Regarding the contaminated materials, excess charges are applied to 9 kinds (sulfur oxide, dust, ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, carbon disulfide, fluoride compound, hydrogen chloride, chloride and hydrogen cyanide) and basic charges are applied to 2 kinds (sulfur oxides, dust).



Regarding the imposition and collection, the institution in charge is the Ministry of Environment and the imposition and collection institutes are local governing bodies. Regarding the right to impose and collect the emission charges, along with the right to manage and supervise the emission facilities, 1~2 type businesses among industrial complexes and other areas are committed to the governor and 3 type businesses among other areas are committed to the mayor and county head.



 
[Comparison of Basic Charge and Excess Charge in Emission Charges]



 



































Category Basic Emission Charges Excess Emission Charges:
Reason for Imposition

Impose according to the amount and density of pollutants that air pollutants emission business owners emit under the emission limit (improvement charge exempt business owners are not included)

 
Exceed the emission limit
Imposition Object Pollutant 2 kinds (sulfur oxide, dust)

9 kinds (sulfur oxide, dust, ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, carbon disulfide, fluoride compound, hydrogen chloride, chloride and hydrogen cyanide)

 
Imposition Period Impose biyearly (twice a year)

From the point of exceeding the emission limit to the point of completing the correction

 
Imposition Calculation Method Adjust based on the data submitted by the business owner

Result of inspection by administrative institute.

Auto measurement data of the auto measurement business.

Improvement plan submitted voluntarily.

 
Imposition Calculation Formula ① Emission amount within the limit (㎏) × ② Imposition amount per 1㎏ of pollutant × ③ Annual imposition amount calculation index × ④ Imposition index for each business × ⑤ Imposition index for each region x ⑥ Imposition coefficient for each excess rate of emission water quality standard

① Imposition amount per 1㎏ of pollutant × ② Emission amount of material that exceeds the mission limit (㎏) × ③ Imposition index for each region × ④ Annual imposition amount calculation index

 



① Imposition amount per 1㎏ of pollutant × ② Emission amount of materials that exceeds the emission limit (㎏) × ③ Imposition index per the rate of exceeding the emission limit × ④ Imposition index per each region × ⑤ Annual imposition amount calculation index × ⑥ Imposition coefficient per the number of violations

 




Data: Ministry of Environment





The legal uses for emission charges include national environmental improvement project, support of environmental improvement project by local govern body, business cost and operation cost of Korea Environmental Corporation and so forth. In the private sector, supports are given to the localization of environmental industry and the technological development fund. 10% of the charges collected by the Ministry of Environment is given to each province and listed as general account budget (Article 31 of Clean Air Conservation Act Enforcement Decree). For the charges collected by cities and counties, the province redistribute to cities and counties.





2. Water Quality Improvement Charging System



Water quality emission charges can be divided into basic charges and excess changes, and the basic emission charges (basic charges) are imposed when the pollutants are emitted under the emission limit but exceeds the emission water quality standard of the waste water processing plant in the waste water coming out of the waste emission facilities or when the pollutants exceeds the emission water quality standard of the waste water processing plant in the water coming out of the waste water processing plant. The object pollutants for basic charge include organic materials (BOD, COD), suspended solids (SS). Regarding the amount per kg of pollutants, 250Won/kg is applied to organic materials (higher density is applied between BOD and COD) and suspended solids (SS).



In case pollutants are emitted from waste water zero discharge facility exceeding the emission limit, excess emission charges (excess charges) are calculated by adding the fixed imposition amount per each business size to the amount calculated by the emission amount and density of the pollutant.  The object pollutants for excess charges are 19 kinds including the object pollutants for imposing basic emission charges.



The charges are imposed on the business owners who emit the pollutants including the representative of the joint prevention facility operation organization and the operator of the waste water processing plant. The people responsible to pay are those who emitted pollutants more than the standard limit in the relevant area.



 


[Imposition and Calculation of the Water Quality Improvement Charges]



 



































Category Basic Emission Charges Excess Emission Charges:
Reason for Imposition

Emitted under the emission limit but exceeded the emission water quality standard of the waste water processing plant

In the waste water of the waste water processing plant, the pollutants exceeded the water quality standard of the waste water processing plant

 
Exceed the emission limit.

Emit pollutants into public water from waste water zero discharge emission facilities.

 


Imposition Object

Pollutants

 
2 kinds (organic material, suspended solid) 19 kinds (object pollutants for basic emission charges are included)
Imposition Period Impose biyearly (twice a year)

From the point of exceeding the

emission limit to the point of completing the correction

 


Charges

Calculation Method

 
Adjust based on the data submitted by the business owner Submit improvement plan
Charges

Calculation Formula
① Emission amount within the limit (㎏)

× ② Imposition amount per 1㎏ of pollutant

× ③ Annual imposition amount calculation index

× ④ Imposition index for each  business

× ⑤ Imposition index for each region

x ⑥ Imposition coefficient for each excess rate of emission water quality standard


① Emission amount of pollutants that exceed the standard (㎏) × ② Imposition amount per 1 kg of pollutant × ③ Imposition calculation index for each year ×④Imposition coefficient for each region × ⑤ Imposition coefficient for each excess rate of emission limit standard × ⑥ Imposition coefficient for the number of violations + ⑦ Fixed amount charge for each business size

※ ⑤ ⑥ ⑦ are excluded in case of voluntary improvement

 





Data: Ministry of Environment





90% of the collected money is used for water quality improvement business and environmental technological development on the environmental improvement mid-term general plan. For private sectors, supports are given to the localization of environmental industry and technological development fund. 10% of the charges collected by the Ministry of Environment is given to each province and listed as general account budget. For the charges collected by cities and counties, the province redistribute to cities and counties.





3. Environmental Improvement Charging System



The environmental improvement charges are imposed on facilities and cars that provide direct causes of environmental contamination by emitting massive amount of pollutants in the course of distribution and consumption. In case of facilities, charges are imposed on facilities such as stores, office and so forth with the total floor space of more than 160㎡ with roofs, walls and pillars. In case of cars, charges are imposed on diesel vehicles around the country registered according to the automobile management act. Production and manufacture facilities and gasoline cars that are equipped with three way catalytic devices are exempt. Facilities possessed by foreign government and residential facilities such as cars, individual houses, apartment houses and so forth are also exempt.




[Imposition Object of Environmental Improvement Charges]



 















Imposition Condition and Imposition Object Person Liable to Pay Related Laws
1. Facility Building with the total floor space of more than 160㎡

2. Car Diesel vehicle registered according to automobile management act
- Facility: Owner (can be transferred to the occupier)

- Car: Owner
Article 9 of the Environment Improvement Expenses Liability Act




Data: Ministry of Environment





4. Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) System



In the EPR system, the government gives the amount of recycling to producers and producers organize recycling business friendly society and fulfill the responsibility of recycling. When the recycling responsibility is not fulfilled, maximum 1.3 times of the actual collecting and recycling cost is imposed on the producer. Object items for recycling are shown in Table 7.



 
[Items that must be Recycled]



 







































Object Items Detailed Items Notice
Ⅰ. Product

 

 

 

 

- Electronic products
1. Television

2. Refrigerator

3. Washing machine (home use)

4. Air conditioner (car air conditioner is not included)

5. Personal computer (monitor and keyboard are included)

6. Audio

7. Mobile phone (battery and recharger are included)

8. Printer

9. Copying machine

10. Facsimile
Implemented on

January of 2006.

Implemented on

January of 2006.

Implemented on

January of 2006.
- Batteries 11. Mercury battery

12. Silver oxide battery

13. Nickel cadmium battery

14. Lithium battery (only first battery)
 
- Tires 15. Tire
- Lube Oil 16. Lube Oil  
- Fluorescent Lamp 17. Fluorescent lamp  
Ⅱ. Packaging

- Packaging that contains food, beverage, agricultural product, seafood, farming product, detergent, cosmetic product, medical product, butane gas, pesticide or sterilizer
17. Fluorescent lamp

18. Paper package

19. Glass bottle

20. Metal can (iron can, aluminum can)

21. Synthetic resin packaging
 




Data: Korea Environmental Corporation

 



Concerning the legal use of the producer responsibility charge, the money is transferred as the tax revenue of the special accounts for the environmental improvement according to the Environment Improvement Expenses Liability Act and then used for waste recycling project, support to the construction of waste processing plant, research and technological development to reuse and reduce waste effectively, recollection, reuse and processing of waste by local governing body and so forth.