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Integrating geospatial information : How the Republic of Korea overcame institutional obstacles to improve data management, 1998–2016

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  • Integrating geospatial information
  • Kim, Kyuri
  • Global Delivery Initiative; KDI School


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Title Integrating geospatial information
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Sub Title

How the Republic of Korea overcame institutional obstacles to improve data management, 1998–2016

Material Type Report
Author(English)

Kim, Kyuri

Publisher

[Sejong] : Global Delivery Initiative; KDI School

Date 2019-01
Series Title; No Global Delivery Initiative / Global Delivery Initiative
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Industry and Technology < Construction
Territorial Development < National Land Development
Territorial Development < Transport/Logistics
Holding Global Delivery Initiative
License

Abstract

Following two gas explosions in 1995 that resulted from poor management of information on underground pipes, the Republic of Korea accelerated its efforts to update and integrate spatial data, such as underground maps. The Ministry of Construction and Transportation led the integration initiative, but the ministry faced a lack of cooperation from counterpart ministries and agencies. It was often at a stalemate with its main counterpart, the Ministry of Home Affairs: the two ministries could not reach a consensus over how land-related information should be collected, managed, and shared.

This case study describes how the land ministry overcame these challenges by seeking mediation or windows of opportunity through higher bureaucratic channels, and by leveraging its experience and resources to scale up geospatial data integration. From its start combining just two datasets in 1998, it went on to establish a fully integrated geospatial data system consisting of nearly 80 datasets from different agencies, which it then disseminated across the entire nation. By 2016, the Republic of Korea’s National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) had not only prevented further disasters, but also dramatically reduced administrative costs and inefficiencies in the public sector. The integrated data system also enabled government officials to make better-informed policy decisions.