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Expanding producer responsibility for waste management in Korea : From the deposit refund system to extended producer responsibility

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  • Expanding producer responsibility for waste management in Korea
  • Hong, Jong Ho
  • Global Delivery Initiative; KDI School


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Title Expanding producer responsibility for waste management in Korea
Similar Titles
Sub Title

From the deposit refund system to extended producer responsibility

Material Type Report
Author(English)

Hong, Jong Ho

Publisher

[Sejong] : Global Delivery Initiative; KDI School

Date 2018-11
Series Title; No Global Delivery Initiative / Global Delivery Initiative
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Territorial Development < Environment
Social Development < Social Welfare
Official Aid < Social Infrastructure
Holding Global Delivery Initiative
License

Abstract

This study examines the expansion of the role of the producers of recyclable goods in the arena of Korean waste management between 1992 and 2010. In the late 1980s, increasing waste generation became a serious problem in Korean society. To initiate recycling activities, the producer-based Deposit Refund System (DRS) was introduced in 1992. The major feature of DRS was a combination of a deposit on sales of recyclable products with a refund upon proper recycling. The refund was expected to function as an economic incentive for increased recycling. However, under DRS the recycling performance of producers was limited because of the low deposit rate and the lack of recycling infrastructure. To overcome the shortcomings of DRS, the Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) program replaced DRS in 2003. Under EPR, a mandatory recycling rate was imposed on producers and the recycling rate steadily increased. This study traces the transition from DRS to EPR and explains how the delivery challenges of DRS were addressed with the implementation of the EPR program.