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Female mentors and peers : A heterogeneity analysis of gender gaps in attitudes towards STEM in South Korea

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Frame of Image  series is: Name of author or editor. (Year). Title. Working paper, Freie Universität Berlin, Institute of Korean Studies, Berlin. ISBN: 978-96001-004-3
Korea Focus
Female Mentors and Peers
– A Heterogeneity Analysis of Gender Gaps in Attitudes towards STEM in South Korea Seo-Young Cho*
Seo-Young Cho is research fellow of the KDI-FU Korea-Europe Program at the Institute of Korean Studies at FU-Berlin and lecturer of Korean Economy at Tübingen University. Previously, she was junior professor of economics at the University Marburg for the last six years and senior researcher at DIW-Berlin. As an empirical economist, she has conducted extensive research on economic and institutional development in Korea. Currently, she focuses on inclusive growth in South Korea by investigating the role of SMEs in innovation economy, Millennial, female and migrant entrepreneurs, as well as agendas of fair competition. Her research extends to topics of migration, gender, and institutions in the East Asian and global economy. To the present, she has published her articles in various international peer-reviewed journals such as World Development, European Journal of Political Economy, Social Science Quarterly, International Studies Quarterly, Scandinavian Journal of Economics, International Migration, and European Journal of Law and Economics. In addition, she has completed many research projects funded by the DFG, AKS, DAAD and EU. Presently, she serves the advisory board of the Journal of Human


Full Text
Title Female mentors and peers
Similar Titles
Sub Title

A heterogeneity analysis of gender gaps in attitudes towards STEM in South Korea

Material Type Report
Publisher

[Berlin] : KDI-FU Korea-Europe Programme; Institute of Korean Studies, Free University of Berlin

Date 2020-01
Series Title; No KDI-FU Korea-Europe Programme; Korea Focus / Working Paper / 2
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Europe(Europe)
Language English
File Type Documents
Original Format pdf
Subject Social Development < General
Social Development < Education
Social Development < Gender
Holding Institute of Korean Studies, Free University of Berlin (Freie Universität Berlin)
License

Abstract

This paper investigates whether gender-matching school environments can foster girls’ confidence and motivation in science. Using the PISA data from South Korea, the findings show that single-sex schooling and female teachers have positive effects on high-performing girls’ attitudes in science studies. By attending an all-girls school and being taught by female science teachers, girls who are ranked in the highest quartile of the science test become as motivated and interested in pursuing studies and careers in STEM fields as boys in the same rank. However, the role of single-sex schooling is not as positive for average- and low-performing girls. On the other hand, the effect of female teachers is more generalized, in that female teachers can boost girls’ competitive attitudes regardless of their study records. These findings corroborate
that gender-matching schooling can be a useful policy instrument of promoting female talent
in STEM fields. But the positive effect is not universal and cannot be generalized for everyone.

User Note

Copyright to papers in this series remains with the authors or their assignees. Reproduction or reposting of texts in this paper can only be done with the permission of the respective author. The proper form for citing working papers in this series is: Name of author or editor. (Year). Title. Working paper, Freie Universität Berlin, Institute of Korean Studies, Berlin