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Comprehensive one-stop references on key development issues of Korea

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  • Image of Bus System Reform in Korea

    Bus System Reform in Korea

    Korea drastically reformed its bus transport system in early 2000s for recovering its original purpose in the aspect of green and sustainable urban transport. Those reforms include such as dramatically change to Semi-Public Operating System for strengthening publicness, route reform for enhancing accessibility of users, expanding bus infrastructure (e.g. exclusive median bus lane) for improving punctuality, and adoption of transfer discount and Smart Card systems for affordability and convenience. Moreover, the government introduced Bus Management System (BMS) and Bus Information System (BIS) to provide operator-centric information of buses to the users which will result in maximizing one’s convenience and expanding demand for buses. Likewise, these reforms aimed for enlarging functions of buses as sustainable green public transportation in urban areas.

  • Image of Civil Service Training: Nurturing the Driving Force of  Economic Development in Korea

    Civil Service Training: Nurturing the Driving Force of Economic Development in Korea


    Korea established and maintained a well-designed training system for government officials that included, most notably: 1) training programs that reflected government policy needs; 2) public service ethics training in which loyalty to the nation and a sense of mission and esprit de corps among government officials were emphasized; and 3) overseas training aimed at broadening the global mindsets of young officials, the future drivers of the economy, and raising the effectiveness of their activities.

  • Image of Educational Development of Health Professionals

    Educational Development of Health Professionals

    Korea’s medical advancement was initiated by projects for the educational development of health professionals, including the Minnesota Project, the China Medical Board Project, and the National Teacher Training Center Project. First, the Minnesota Project (1954–61) aimed at the rehabilitation of Seoul National University (SNU) after the 36-year period of Japanese colonial rule and the Korean War. The United States supported fellowships for academics from SNU, dispatched advisors, and supplied facilities and equipment. Next, the China Medical Board Project (1963–86), which succeeded the Minnesota Project, aimed at further institutional development of SNU College of Medicine, emphasizing preparations for independent self-development by the institute. Finally, the National Teacher Training Center Project (1975–), a WHO global initiative, has contributed to the diffusion of innovations to the entire Korean medical society.

  • Image of Public-Private Partnership

    Public-Private Partnership


    Korea actively promoted private sector participation in infrastructure development for two reasons. The primary one was the shortage of government funds. No matter how one might add up all the available funds from the primary sources, one would find a huge gap between the funds required and available. Nonetheless the demand for infrastructure services was increasing rapidly as the country’s economy progressed. One study conducted in the late 1990s pointed out that Korea should invest in transport infrastructure alone a minimum of 2 to 2.3% of GDP, or 7 to 8% of the total infrastructure investments, between 2004 and 2010. The second reason was the government's intention to take advantage of the private sector's "efficiency mind-set" in both facility development and facility operation and management.

  • Image of Reforestation

    Reforestation


    Until late 1950s, 58% of the mountains in Korea were bald, while 11% of the land was barren like a desert. From the early 1960s, the government established the forest laws and reformed the forest administrative organizations, while making comprehensive reclamation policies. Also, through the strict execution of the related policies and the follow-up management of the planting sites, every denuded land was successfully recovered within 40 years. Such a success was possible by the creation of incomes and incentives for the village farmers through the forest reclamation projects, and voluntary participation of the farmers through the Saemaul (New Village) Movement in addition to favorable economic and social conditions.