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Comprehensive one-stop references on key development issues of Korea

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  • Image of Bus System Reform in Korea

    Bus System Reform in Korea

    Korea drastically reformed its bus transport system in early 2000s for recovering its original purpose in the aspect of green and sustainable urban transport. Those reforms include such as dramatically change to Semi-Public Operating System for strengthening publicness, route reform for enhancing accessibility of users, expanding bus infrastructure (e.g. exclusive median bus lane) for improving punctuality, and adoption of transfer discount and Smart Card systems for affordability and convenience. Moreover, the government introduced Bus Management System (BMS) and Bus Information System (BIS) to provide operator-centric information of buses to the users which will result in maximizing one’s convenience and expanding demand for buses. Likewise, these reforms aimed for enlarging functions of buses as sustainable green public transportation in urban areas.

  • Image of Public-Private Partnership

    Public-Private Partnership


    Korea actively promoted private sector participation in infrastructure development for two reasons. The primary one was the shortage of government funds. No matter how one might add up all the available funds from the primary sources, one would find a huge gap between the funds required and available. Nonetheless the demand for infrastructure services was increasing rapidly as the country’s economy progressed. One study conducted in the late 1990s pointed out that Korea should invest in transport infrastructure alone a minimum of 2 to 2.3% of GDP, or 7 to 8% of the total infrastructure investments, between 2004 and 2010. The second reason was the government's intention to take advantage of the private sector's "efficiency mind-set" in both facility development and facility operation and management.

  • Image of Reforestation

    Reforestation


    Until late 1950s, 58% of the mountains in Korea were bald, while 11% of the land was barren like a desert. From the early 1960s, the government established the forest laws and reformed the forest administrative organizations, while making comprehensive reclamation policies. Also, through the strict execution of the related policies and the follow-up management of the planting sites, every denuded land was successfully recovered within 40 years. Such a success was possible by the creation of incomes and incentives for the village farmers through the forest reclamation projects, and voluntary participation of the farmers through the Saemaul (New Village) Movement in addition to favorable economic and social conditions.

  • Image of Teacher Policy in Korea

    Teacher Policy in Korea


    Even though teaching was highly respected in the traditional Korean context, securing talented and devoted teachers is another challenging issue altogether. Since the establishment of Korean government, it prioritized the teacher policy among other educational issues, and tuned its policy corresponding to changing socio-economic development. For the convenience of the reader, we will review the Korean teacher policy in three periods: adoption (from 1945 to 1960s), development (in 1970s and 1980s), and transition (after 1990s). Pre-service education and recruitment, retaining and rewards, and other key issues for each period will be reviewed.

  • Image of Vocational Education and Training

    Vocational Education and Training


    Vocational education and training (VET) has been regarded as a prerequisite for a country to successfully compete in the world market of rapid economic and technological change. VET, as a main supplier of skilled workforce, can play a crucial role in national economic development (and more). For example, initial VET in Korea made a great contribution to economic growth, especially during the period 1960–1980, by supplying skilled workers and technicians required to implement a series of the 5-year economic development plans. As the so-called Knowledge Economy prevails, the importance of continuing VET has been emphasized along with the discussions on lifelong learning.