The Korean Civil War lasted for three years in the early 1950s and it caused devastating damage on all sections of Korea. In 1953, ninety-seven percent of roads were not paved and the GDP per capita was less than USD 100. Even though ten years passed after the truce of the War in the early 1960s, the economic situation as well road condition were not quite different. The first priority of the Korean government at that time was to revitalize the nation through establishing the export-oriented economy system. To pursue this national policy efficiently in medium- and long-terms, the government set up the first Five-Year Economic Development Plan (FYEDP) in 1962. The first FYEDP had achieved unexpectedly high economic growth rates. The growth rate was merely 3.5 percent in 1962, however, it increased to 9.1 percent in 1963 and it reached to 13.4 percent in 1966.