Korea’s medical advancement was initiated by projects for the educational development of health professionals, including the Minnesota Project, the China Medical Board Project, and the National Teacher Training Center Project. First, the Minnesota Project (1954–61) aimed at the rehabilitation of Seoul National University (SNU) after the 36-year period of Japanese colonial rule and the Korean War. The United States supported fellowships for academics from SNU, dispatched advisors, and supplied facilities and equipment. Next, the China Medical Board Project (1963–86), which succeeded the Minnesota Project, aimed at further institutional development of SNU College of Medicine, emphasizing preparations for independent self-development by the institute. Finally, the National Teacher Training Center Project (1975–), a WHO global initiative, has contributed to the diffusion of innovations to the entire Korean medical society.