콘텐츠 바로가기
로그인
컨텐츠

Category Open

Development Overview

tutorial

Overview of Korea’s development experience

home

Development Overview
Official Aid Public Administration

Print

Public Administration

Aid for governance

1. Overview

KOICA informed project-implementing organizations about the direction of project development. By analyzing four main areas of administrative institutions and developing different project models for each area, organizations can create standard guidelines for project selection.

The administrative institution of a country can be defined to include the entire structure of governance related to the nation’s politics, economy, and the distribution and control of social resources. Because good governance is recognized as essential for sustainable development, the international community has increased aid in this area. For sustainable poverty reduction during development, there must be improvements in governance, including transparency, responsibility, fairness and the level of democratization. The country should also improve its capacity to improve its political, economic and social institutions. Most developing countries lack institutional capacity which is the basis for sustainable development. Therefore, lack of good governance, including efficiency and transparency of public services, and lack of the rule of law hinders efficient economic development in developing countries.

In the governance sector, KOICA implements projects based on Korea’ s development experience. Korea was able to achieve social and economic development and poverty reduction in a short period despite the problems of war, poverty, and lack of natural resources. The unique development experience that Korea acquired in the area of social resources through this process may help developing countries improve governance.

KOICA helps developing countries to improve governance and gain autonomous and sustainable development by supporting the development of government capacity through projects in the administrative institution areas. These include economic development structures, administration and reform and legal systems.

Of the eight MDGs, the area of administrative institution is related to Goal 1, “Eradicate Extreme Hunger and Poverty,” and Goal 8, “Develop a Global Partnership for Development.” The UN Millennium Development Project Team has pointed to governance failure as one of the main reasons why the attainment of MDGs has been delayed despite various efforts of the international community. The US established Millennium Challenge Account (MCA) and has been providing assistance by selecting countries that have well established governance. Internationally, aid in the sectors related to governance is increasing. Its share among ODA provided by OECD/DAC member countries was less than 5% in 2000, 12.4% in 2004, and 9.7% in 2005 (which amounts to approximately USD 10 billion).

Source: Korea International Cooperation Agency. 2011. 20 years of KOICA 1991-2010, Translated by Institute for Development and Human Security, Ewha Womans University. Seoul.