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Development Overview

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Overview of Korea’s development experience

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Development Overview
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Capacity building and military assistance


Part of the military assistance was used for technical assistance in educating and training Korean military personnel. As seen in Table 8, the number of Korean military servicemen from all branches of the military that were sent to the US for education and training was considerable. The number of trainees began to increase during the Korean War and totaled nearly 11,607 by 1960. The military technical assistance programs contributed significantly to orienting Korean military personnel in modern warfare and technical skills. In the process, many were also exposed to new and modern ways of administration and management. It is reasonable to assume that the technical and managerial know-how gained by the military servicemen, many of whom went on to work in the public and private sector, had contributed to capacity building by upgrading the level of Korea’s manpower in general.41

[Table 1-1] Technical Assistance for Korean Military Personnel
 

  Army Navy Air Force Marine Total
1949 12 - - - 12
1950 - - - - -
1951 317 - - - 317
1952 764 38 10 2 814
1953 924 85 13 16 1,038
1954 903 168 90 32 1,193
1955 1,150 229 352 20 1,751
1956 506 170 368 36 1,080
1957 653 102 621 26 1,402
1958 609 162 229 76 1,076
1959 504 132 525 196 1,357
1960 694 205 556 114 1,567
Total 7,036 1,291 2,764 518 11,607*

Note: * 86% were officers while 14% (1,592) were enlisted men
Source: Armed Forces and Nation Building, Military Defense Annual Statistics
 

 
41 Park Chung-Hee also received training in the US Military technical assistance programs, while several of his military officers whom he served with made important contributions in Korea’s development both in the public and private sector.


Source: Kim, Jun-Kyung and Kim, KS. 2012. Impact of foreign aid on Korea's development. Seoul: KDI School of Public Policy and Management.