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Development Overview

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Overview of Korea’s development experience

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KOICA has been continuously building and developing various policies for effective project implementation over the past 20 years. This section presents the meanings of these policies and the changes made during their evolution.

1. Establishment of Country Partnership Strategy (CPS)

Country Partnership Strategy (CPS) is one of KOICA’s major ODA management tools. It was selected in order to increase the effectiveness of development cooperation and it includes ways to plan mid and long term assistance and manage the results. With the gradual adoption of CPS by the World Bank in the 1990s, CPS gained popularity with major development cooperation agencies and most agencies are now strategically applying similar tools under different names.
KOICA created aid strategies for 19 partner countries in 2008 after establishing three-year mid and long-term CPSs from 2005. Initially, CPS was applied to loans and grants separately, but in December 2010, the Committee for International Development Cooperation decided to establish consolidated CPS for loans and grants. In accordance with the Korean government’s ODA policy of adopting CPS, KOICA reorganized its aid projects by region in February 2011. KOICA is now contributing to progress of national development plans made by the partner countries themselves. KOICA has been selecting priority programs and mapping specific implementation methods through CPS to achieve country and sector specific development goals. KOICA plans to apply a program- based approach (PBA) in international development cooperation by utilizing and applying diverse modalities of international development cooperation in an integrated fashion, and organically manage the processes by standardizing the CPS procedures of project discovery and development per program unit, screening, and monitoring and evaluation.

2. Development of ODA Policies and Strategies

KOICA strengthened its development cooperation policy and strategy by establishing a mid length aid strategy for developing countries in 2006 and creating country specific aid plans in 2007. This provided a foundation for consistent and systematic implementation of KOICA’s projects with common development goals. From 2010, KOICA has been focusing its assistance to major partner countries based on the ‘Selection and Focus’ principle and has moved away from its previous strategy of giving small amounts of aid to many different countries. In order to implement PBA in projects, KOICA has been changing its delivery assistance to the form of packages in which major projects are implemented in a comprehensive way. For the purpose of strengthening field-oriented operation based on the 2010 ‘KOICA Advancement Plan,’ the role and authority of field offices is being enhanced. KOICA is also working to increase the capacity of field offices by improving their institutional and human resources.

KOICA is building an institutional frame for systematizing the procedure for electing policy and strategy through reorganization as well as institutionalizing related guidelines in the future.

Source: Korea International Cooperation Agency. 2011. 20 years of KOICA 1991-2010, Translated by Institute for Development and Human Security, Ewha Womans University. Seoul.