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Development Overview

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Development Overview
Government and Law Governance

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Governance

Local government: Phase 4

1. Institutional Guarantees of Local Government and Administration
 
(1) Constitutional Guarantees of Local Government and Administration
The LGA underwent a major amendment in 1988 according to the constitutional amendment of 1987. The year 1988 marked a pivotal moment in Korean political history, a time when the constitutionally enshrined principles of local government and administration finally began to be realized.
 
(2) Statutory Guarantees of Local Government and Administration
The amended LGA of 1990 postponed the date for local council elections by one year until June 1991. The local elections of 1991 thus marked the resurrection of local government and politics after three decades. The LGA underwent other major changes in subsequent years as well (in 1991, 1994, 1995, 1999, and 2005).
Two presidential decrees introduced in 1991, namely, the Rules on the Administrative Structure and Personnel of Local Government Organizations, and the Rules of Organization for the Special City of Seoul and its Organizations, outlined the types of local government organizations to be established and the personnel required. These decrees abolished the Rules on the Administrative Bodies of the Provinces and Directly Governed Cities (1981), as well as the Rules on the Administrative Bodies of the Special City of Seoul (1973).
The Rules on the Administrative Structure and Personnel of Local Government Organizations underwent a major overhaul in 1994 in anticipation of the local elections to be held in 1995. This included the merging of the Rules on the Administrative Bodies of the Provinces and Directly Governed Cities (1991) and the Rules of Organization for the Special City of Seoul and its Organizations (1991) with the Rules on the Administrative Structure. The Rules on the Administrative Structure underwent 43 amendments from the time of it original enactment in 1994, thus providing the institutional framework for implementation of the LGA and operation of local government and administration.

Source: Korea Institute of Public Administration. 2008. Korean Public Administration, 1948-2008, Edited by Korea Institute of Public Administration. Pajubookcity: Bobmunsa.