|Title||Development and validation of a safety climate scale for manufacturing industry|
|Author||Ghahramani, Abolfazl; Khalkhali, Hamid R.|
|Publisher||[Ulsan, Korea] : Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute|
|Publication Date||2015 - 02|
|Country||South Korea||Holding||Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute|
Background: This paper describes the development of a scale for measuring safety climate. Methods: This study was conducted in six manufacturing companies in Iran. The scale developed through conducting a literature review about the safety climate and constructing a question pool. The number of items was reduced to 71 after performing a screening process. Results: The result of content validity analysis showed that 59 items had excellent item content validity index ( 0.78) and content validity ratio (> 0.38). The exploratory factor analysis resulted in eight safety climate dimensions. The reliability value for the final 45-item scale was 0.96. The result of confirmatory factor analysis showed that the safety climate model is satisfactory. Conclusion: This study produced a valid and reliable scale for measuring safety climate in manufacturing companies.