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Strategic policy revisited: The origins of mass production in the motor industry of Argentina, Korea and Spain, 1945-87

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Title Strategic policy revisited: The origins of mass production in the motor industry of Argentina, Korea and Spain, 1945-87
Author Catalan, Jord
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Publication Date 2010
Material Type Article
Country Holding Business Source Complete
Language English License
Pages 25 p.

Abstract

During the postwar 'golden age' of economic growth, Argentina, Korea and Spain promoted the development of their motor industries by restricting imports, licensing investment, imposing a high level of local sourcing for parts, and supporting their own national champions. These strategic policies took advantage of economies of scale, achieving significant increases in output, and creating dynamic competitive advantage. Sudden liberalisation or the high volatility of the macroeconomic environment could jeopardise the process of structural change. Gradual evolution of policy-making and the cumulative learning of capabilities by the national champions were crucial for long-term success. The present research supports both List's classical defence of protection for infant industries in medium-large economies and more recent claims in favour of strategic policy.

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