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Social Development 16.Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

Being Korean and living in Korea

: An experimental analysis of North Korean refugees’ identities and social behaviors
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Title Being Korean and living in Korea
Subtitle An experimental analysis of North Korean refugees’ identities and social behaviors
Author Cho, Seo-Young
Publisher [Berlin] : KDI-FU Korea-Europe Programme; Institute of Korean Studies, Free University of Berlin
Publication Date 2020 - 10
Material Type Report
Country North Korea
South Korea
Holding Institute of Korean Studies, Free University of Berlin (Freie Universität Berlin)
Language English License
Series Title KDI-FU Korea-Europe Programme; Korea Focus; Working Paper

Abstract

This paper investigates the effect of shared ethnic identity on social behaviors of marginalized populations by focusing on North Korean refugees in South Korea. The findings of a behavioral experiment conducted with North Korean refugees show that emphasizing the shared Korean identity promotes their integration in South Korea, despite considerable differences caused by seven-decade long separation between the two countries. Exposure to the shared identity with South Koreans increases North Korean refugees‘ trust, cooperation, confidence, and life satisfaction in South Korea. Furthermore, education and gender (female) are proposed as multiplying factors of strengthening the identity effect.

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